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John Chapman

This important new study focusing on the ultranationalist regimes in Germany and Japan during the 1930s and 1940s examines in biographical format the roles played by individuals significantly involved in the drive for global hegemony. Employing a considerable range of new source materials and eyewitness testimony on the German side, it highlights the roles of the Nazi Party ‘enforcer’ and Gestapo representative in East Asia, Josef Albert Meisinger, and of the officer commanding German naval forces in the Pacific region, Admiral Paul Werner Wenneker, agent Richard Sorge as whose relations with the Japanese Navy in the 1930s were observed and recalled by Engineer-Commander George C. Ross, the UK assistant naval attaché in Japan. The reactions of the German aero-engineer, Willi Foerster, a client of the Soviet radio operator, Max Clausen, to both Meisinger and Wenneker in the 1940s are also documented. On the Japanese side, new evidence is employed which examines the influence of the right-wing business and political figure, Sasagawa Ryôichi, on domestic events during the era of ‘Tennô-fascism’ and its aftermath. Similarly, an analysis of the role of the head of wartime Japanese military intelligence in eastern Europe, General Onodera Makoto, based in Stockholm, indicates the extent of opposition within the Japanese army to factional groups wedded to Nazi ideology and strategy and the ongoing support in Japan for anti-Soviet and anti-communist policies in the post-war era.

Mary L. Hanneman

This new in-depth study of Hasegawa Nyozekan (1895–1969) examines his life and intellectual contributions as a pre-eminent liberal reformer through his role as a journalist and social critic, particularly in pre-war and wartime Japan.

Nogami Yaeko

Nogami Yaeko's novel The Labyrinth deals with the doubts and dilemmas of leftwing intellectuals before and during World War II. Rich in social detail and profound in its psychology, it follows the political and sentimental evolution of the protagonist Kanno Shōzō from a humiliating recantation of his socialist creed to a problematic participation in Japan's war against China. Nogami Yaeko (1885-1985) was Japan's longest-lived woman writer and has an assured place in the history of Japanese fiction. Winner of the prestigious Nomiuri prize, The Labyrinth was immediately recognized as a major critical contribution to the understanding of Japanese political and intellectual history.

V. A. Shnirelman

the Globas is that Russia is under the constellation Aquarius, has a wonderful future, and ‘will rule the world’. To sceptics of the ‘Aryan idea’, who accuse her of evident fascism, Globa replies that they are ‘frightened by the Russian future, which will be followed by the whole world’. Globa is

Viktor Shnirelman

right of nations to sovereignty and, in contrast to the Eurasianists, regarded as imperialistic the Soviet territorial claims on neighbouring lands. 60 The Czech intellectuals were among the first who clearly understood the danger of fascism and, accordingly, demonstrated no sympathy for Eurasianism that