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Helen Fein

Accounting for genocide after 1945: Theories and some findings* HELEN FEIN Institute for the Study of Genocide, New York, U.S.A. Received 11 November 1992; accepted 9 March 1993 Key words: genocide, ethnic conflict, war, communism, theory Abstract. Genocide has been related in social theory to

Jelena Đureinović

more analytically and individually, but that remains beyond the scope of this article, which could be a starting point for discussion. The main questions the article explores are: What is the function and significance of the practice of legal rehabilitation of those considered victims of communism in

Edited by Arie Bloed and Ramses A. Wessel

In the recent period the political and security infrastructure in Europe has changed dramatically, in particular after the collapse of communism in Central and Eastern Europe. This has resulted in a process of transformation not only within the former socialist countries, but also in the various political and security institutions. The fundamental change in the political landscape in Europe has also affected the Western European Union (WEU): from a more or less dormant organization it developed in the 1990s into the `defence arm' of the European Union and the European pillar of the Atlantic Alliance.
The changing functions of WEU, which became clear especially after its `reactivation' in 1984 and the conclusion of the Maastricht Treaty (1992), are reflected in this volume. Apart from all major documents the book contains a short introduction on the purposes, institutions and possibilities of WEU. The texts are made accessible by an extensive subject index.

Liviu Damsa

the early 1990s an internal one. During that time, the cee economists who were instrumental in elaborating the post-communist cee economic reforms held the idea that communism could not be reformed. They thought that the severance of the links between the socialist state and the socialist


Edited by Rein Müllerson, Malgosia Fitzmaurice and Mads Andenas

The recent developments in central and eastern Europe have changed the political landscape of the world. The dissolution of the Soviet Union, Czechoslovakia and Yugoslavia, the collapse of Communism in Europe, market reforms, and the processes of democratisation are all seminal events affecting not only the countries in transition but other states as well. All these changes presuppose fundamental legal reforms. In this process most of the countries in transition have adopted new constitutions where issues of participation in the international political order and questions of international law enjoy a prominent place.
This book is one outcome of many research activities concerning these transitions in central and eastern Europe at the Centre of European Law, King's College London. It contains essays about constitutional reforms and international law by leading international judges and academics.
It is edited by Mads Andenas, Director of the Centre of European Law at King's College London, Malgosia Fitzmaurice, Reader in International Law at Queen Mary and Westfield College, London, and Rein Müllerson, Professor in International Law at King's College.

Admiral E. Biörklund

democratic Governments. Often I asked myself: But do not the political leaders in those countries understand that the dictatorial way of treating human rights is the Achilles-heel of Communism? In order to prove this statement, I have found it logical to begin with a short investigation of the actual world