, a permanent investment court or state-state arbitration. 56 India opted to fix its investment treaty practice by means of the Model Bilateral Treaty Template 2015 (India Model BIT ). SADC ’s Annex 1 chose litigation, the European Union (EU) proposes an InvestmentCourtSystem ( ICS ), while
united in the EU also support changes to the ISDS system, including ideas like an appellate mechanism or even a world investmentcourtsystem in case of the EU. 15 Countries around the world, including both developed and developing countries, have engaged in restructuring International Investment
is now preparing for reforming the investor-State dispute settlement mechanism. With the support of NGO s, the EU is leading the discourse on the reformation of the investor-State dispute settlement mechanism, proposing an investmentcourtsystem whose members are selected on a permanent basis and
labor cases: a new international labor rights regime takes shape , 3 United States – Mexico Law Journal (1995) 159.
30 On procedural enforcement of the rights of foreign investors in eu fta s, see F Baetens, The European Union’s proposed investmentcourtsystem: addressing criticisms of
-methodology-en.pdf . 73 Bernasconi-Osterwalder, “Expansion of the Energy Charter to Africa and Asia.” 74 Dreyer, “Brussels Moves Against Intra- EU Investor-state Arbitration Raise Energy Charter Dilemmas.” 75 European Commission, press release, “Commission Proposes New InvestmentCourtSystem for TTIP and