The late antique papyri concerning baths and bathing habits are arranged chronologically, each papyrus having a code starting with P. The ostraca are grouped separately, each entry starting with an O-code. For each papyrus, the following information is presented: Ref. Reference to the
little changed in Late Antiquity. If one considers the collective immersion pools as the most characteristic element, especially in comparison to the Greek-style baths (however, see the remarks by Monica Trümper presented in chapter 1), one will conclude that late antique baths had turned towards a more
chapter commenced. By including the second half of the 7th c., we could (theoretically) observe how the Roman-style baths in North Africa and the Middle East ‘survived’ the first decades of Muslim rule. The further development of bathing habits under Early Islam will only be presented as an ‘epilogue’, as
. In the following chapter, an attempt is made to present informative references from the most authoritative writers of the period between AD 300 and AD 700 in the whole of the Mediterranean world. 1 Contrary to the historical and archaeological evidence, there will be no limitation to a
Small Baths of the Villa Hadriana (fig. 6). The basic components, i.e. the succession of palaestra—frigidarium—tepidarium—caldarium are presented in dynamic spatial units, with several additional rooms, including two heated rooms with pools, a calida piscina , and a round solarium , all facing south
in Yvon Thébert’s catalogue, 1 each newly built bath is briefly presented, giving the following information: excavation history of the bathhouse relevant bibliography construction date continued use of the bathhouse, date of abandonment and possible reuse of the building a description of the
favour of private baths (see above chapter 1, p. 33). The archaeological evidence that has come forward in the present research shows a more nuanced picture. We should also keep in mind that the small size of a bathhouse does not necessarily imply that it was just a basic facility without any luxury. The
within a complex fabric of streets, public and private space, water supply and disposal, etc. In the following chapter, the baths in Rome, Ostia, Cuicul, Thamugadi, Carthage, Sufetula, Ptolemais and Scythopolis will be presented. At the end of this chapter, there is an overview of the archaeological
consequence, I do not present a justification on this occasion, other than that which is obvious from the details of the main text.
Trajectories in Mediterranean Urbanism: AD 350
Trajectories in Mediterranean Urbanism: AD 450
, although very frequently I am obliged to draw in other material to set my points into perspective.
The statements presented here are not really given as I wanted to give them. I still hope to produce a further study on ‘intercommunal space’, which will cover theatres, large baths, latrines, schools, and