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Min Susan Li, Darren Rhodes and Massimiliano Di Luca

pattern generated by this formula is shown in Fig. 1 . Figure 1. Predictions for the Percept Averaging (PA, equations 1 and 2), Multiple Look (ML, equation 6), Internal Reference (IR, equation 9), and Diminishing Return (DR, equation 11) models for JND N with a sequence of N stimuli

Majid Davoody Beni

belief formation. The paper makes a strong improvement upon the existing extensions of reliabilism in this respect. That is to say, I characterise reliable processes in terms of prediction error minimisation cognitive mechanisms (as being revealed by the Prediction Error Minimisation theory [ pem for

James W.A. Grant and Jason Praw

demonstrating that territory size is inversely related to food abundance or intruder number. The most fundamental predictions of the models, however, have rarely been tested: i.e. the Ž tness of the defender is a function of territory size and the optimal territory is one of intermediate size. We tested these


.V.J. Flight speeds of migrating birds: a test of maximum range speed predictions from three aerodynamic equations Behav. Ecol 1994 5 1 8 Wilkie D.R. Metabolism and body size. Scale effects in animal locomotion Pedley T.J. Academic Press London 1977 23 36

Nicole Bender, Ian M. Hamilton and Dik Heg

-structured groups, conflict over rank, resources or access to breeding opportunities is expected to be greatest among individuals that are similar in size. We tested this general prediction using the cooperatively breeding African cichlid, Neolamprologus pulcher . We predicted that, when size differences between

Bruce A. Wade, Krishnendu Ghosh and Peter J. Tonellato

MetaGene is a software environment for gene analysis developed at the Bioinformatics Research Center, Medical College of Wisconsin. In this work, a new neural network optimization module is developed to enhance the prediction of gene features developed by MetaGene. The input of the neural network consists of gene feature predictions from several gene analysis engines used by MetaGene. When compared, these predictions are often in conflict. The output from the neural net is a synthesis of these individual predictions taking into account the degree of conflict detected. This optimized prediction provides a more accurate answer when compared to the default prediction of MetaGene or any single prediction engine’s solution.

A.S. Harrison, L.J. Revell and J.B. Losos

relationship between the width of a branch and the optimal length of an animal’s limbs depends on how frequently it walks, runs, or jumps under normal conditions (Moermond, 1979a, b). The HMM makes several specific predictions about the relationships between habitat, morphology and behavior (summarized in

Kathryn Demps and Susan M. Glover Klemetti

their strategies based on the social, economic, and ecological contexts. As a hyper-social species, humans provide an interesting case to explore predictions about group foraging behavior including factors affecting foraging group size, composition, and constraints on the ability to manage competing

Nobuko Kazahari and Naoki Agetsuma

assists them in following their own group. Individuals in smaller feeding groups may frequently use social monitoring while foraging, because they have an increased risk of losing their group. Therefore, social monitoring could be a cost for group-foraging animals. We made four predictions: (1

The China Economy Yearbook, Volume 3

Analysis and Forecast of China's Economy (2008)


Edited by Jiagui Chen

This third English volume of The China Economy Yearbook, based on the 2008 annual report in Chinese, provides an in-depth analysis of China’s economy during 2007 and predictions for 2008. Written by leading economic researchers from China’s premier economic research institutions, the articles in the yearbook examine key aspects of China’s economic performance, including the capital goods market, agricultural output, monetary policy, tax revenue, and sustainable growth metrics. They provide a detailed description of China’s economy and valuable insights into the reasons for China’s successes and failures in addressing emerging challenges facing the Chinese economy.