Search Results

You are looking at 21 - 30 of 269 items for :

  • All: "European Court of Human Rights" x
  • International Organizations x
  • Primary Language: English x
Clear All

Series:

Council of Europe/Conseil de l'Europe

This volume of the Yearbook of the European Convention on Human Rights, prepared by the Directorate of Human Rights of the Council of Europe relates to 1995. Its presentation follows that of previous volumes. Part one contains basic texts and information of a general nature; part two deals with the European Commission of Human Rights; part three with the European Court of Human Rights; part four with the Resolutions of the Committee of Ministers; and parts five and six with the other work of the Council of Europe in the field of human rights, the situation in the Member States, and developments within the European Communities. A Bibliography and Index are included.
Ce volume de l'Annuaire de la Convention européenne des Droits de l'Homme, préparé par la Direction des Droits de l'Homme du Conseil de l'Europe, concerne l'année 1995. La première partie contient des textes fondamentaux; la deuxième partie contient les rapports de la Commission européenne des Droits de l'Homme; la troisième partie donne des informations sur la Cour européenne des Droits de l'Homme; la quatrième partie contient des Résolutions du Comité des Ministres; et les cinquième et sixième parties regroupent toutes les autres activités concernant la Convention dans le cadre du Conseil de l'Europe et comprennent des informations sur les débats devant les parlements nationaux et sur les développements au sein des Communautés européennes concernant la protection des droits de l'homme. Le volume se termine avec une bibliographie et une index alphabétique.

Ellen Hey

International law governing the settlement of disputes through law-based forums, such as courts, tribunals and arbitral tribunals, is fraught with limitations that are becoming especially apparent with respect to disputes that involve the protection of the environment. However despite the deficiencies of the law, international courts and tribunals have issued judgements in disputes involving the protection of the environment. At the global level the International Court of Justice (ICJ), the Appellate Body of the World Trade Organization (WTO) and the Tribunal for the Law of the Sea (ITLOS) have handed down decisions in relevant cases. In addition other legal forums can also be called upon to decide cases involving international environmental law. Such forums include the Environmental Chamber of the ICJ and the Permanent Court of Arbitration (PCA) under its general facilities and under the Environmental Facility that it is planning to establish. Similarly, special bodies, such as the United Nations Compensation Commission (UNCC), may decide on cases. Moreover, regional forums such as the European Court of Human Rights (ECHR), the Inter-American Court of Human Rights and the Court of Justice of the European Community (ECJ) have ruled on cases involving international environmental law.
Despite these developments, calls for the establishment of an international environmental court at the global level persist. Several arguments have been advanced to justify the establishment of an international environmental court, for example the very many pressing environmental problems that exist today and the need for a bench consisting of experts in international environmental law to consider these problems, the need for individuals and groups to have access to environmental justice at the international level, the need to enable international organizations to be parties to disputes related to the protection of the environment and the need for dispute settlement procedures that enable the common interest in the environment to be addressed. Arguments against the establishment of an international environmental court have been advanced as well. These arguments include the following: the proliferation of international courts and tribunals would result in the fragmentation of international law, existing courts and tribunals are, or can be, well equipped to consider cases involving environmental issues and disputes involving international environmental law also involve other aspects of international law.
This publication explores the arguments for and against the establishment of an international environmental court, examining topics such as the definition of an international environmental dispute and the concomitant expertise required on the bench, fragmentation and its root causes, access to justice and the representation of community interests.
The author argues that the establishment of an international environmental court is not the most desirable option and she suggests that it might be more fruitful if we consider developments in environmental law, as well as in other relevant areas of international law, from a different perspective, namely, that of administrative law and reassess the relationship between international and national law. Such an approach, she argues is warranted if, inter alia, viable means for resolving environmental disputes that may arise are to be identified.

Series:

Council of Europe/Conseil de l'Europe

This volume of the Yearbook of the European Convention on Human Rights, prepared by the Directorate of Human Rights of the Council of Europe relates to 1993. Its presentation follows that of the previous volume. Part one contains basic texts and information of a general nature; part two deals with the European Commission of Human Rights; part three with the European Court of Human Rights; part four with the Resolutions of the Committee of Ministers; and parts five and six with the other work of the Council of Europe in the field of human rights, the situation in the Member States, and developments within the European Communities. A Bibliography and Index are included.

Ce volume de l'Annuaire de la Convention européenne des Droits de l'Homme, préparé par la Direction des Droits de l'Homme du Conseil de l'Europe, concerne l'année 1993. La première partie contient des textes fondamentaux; la deuxième partie contient les rapports de la Commission européenne des Droits de l'Homme; la troisième partie donne des informations sur la Cour européenne des Droits de l'Homme; la quatrième partie contient des Résolutions du Comité des Ministres; et les cinquième et sixième parties regroupent toutes les autres activités concernant la Convention dans le cadre du Conseil de l'Europe et comprennent des informations sur les débats devant les parlements nationaux et sur les développements au sein des Communautés européennes concernant la protection des droits de l'homme. Le volume se termine avec une bibliographie et une index alphabétique.

Series:

Council of Europe/Conseil de l'Europe

This volume of the Yearbook of the European Convention on Human Rights, prepared by the Directorate of Human Rights of the Council of Europe relates to 1997. Its presentation follows that of previous volumes. Part one contains basic texts and information of a general nature; part two deals with the European Commission of Human Rights; part three with the European Court of Human Rights; part four with the Resolutions of the Committee of Ministers; and parts five and six with the other work of the Council of Europe in the field of human rights, the situation in the Member States, and developments within the European Communities. A Bibliography and Index are included.

Ce volume de l'Annuaire de la Convention européenne des Droits de l'Homme, préparé par la Direction des Droits de l'Homme du Conseil de l'Europe, concerne l'année 1997. La première partie contient des textes fondamentaux; la deuxième partie contient les rapports de la Commission européenne des Droits de l'Homme; la troisième partie donne des informations sur la Cour européenne des Droits de l'Homme; la quatrième partie contient des Résolutions du Comité des Ministres; et les cinquième et sixième parties regroupent toutes les autres activités concernant la Convention dans le cadre du Conseil de l'Europe et comprennent des informations sur les débats devant les parlements nationaux et sur les développements au sein des Communautés européennes concernant la protection des droits de l'homme. Le volume se termine avec une bibliographie et une index alphabétique.

Series:

Council of Europe/Conseil de l'Europe

This volume of the Yearbook of the European Convention on Human Rights, prepared by the Directorate of Human Rights of the Council of Europe relates to 1999. Its presentation follows that of previous volumes. Part one contains basic texts and information of a general nature; part two deals with the European Commission of Human Rights; part three with the European Court of Human Rights; part four with the Resolutions of the Committee of Ministers; and parts five and six with the other work of the Council of Europe in the field of human rights, the situation in the Member States, and developments within the European Communities. A Bibliography and Index are included.
Ce volume de l'Annuaire de la Convention européenne des Droits de l'homme, préparé par la Direction des Droits de l'Homme du Conseil de l'Europe, concerne l'année 1999. La première partie contient des textes fondamentaux; la deuxième partie contient les rapports de la Commission européenne des Droits de l'Homme; la troisième partie donne des informations sur la Cour européenne des Droits de l'Homme; la quatrième partie contient des Résolutions du Comité des Ministres; et les cinquième et sixième parties regroupent toutes les autres activités concernant la Convention dans le cadre du Conseil de l'Europe et comprennent des informations sur les débats devant les parlements nationaux et sur les développements au sein des Communautés européennes concernant la protection des droits de l'homme. Le volume se termine avec une bibliographie et une index alphabétique.

Series:

Council of Europe/Conseil de l'Europe

This volume of the Yearbook of the European Convention on Human Rights, prepared by the Directorate of Human Rights of the Council of Europe relates to 1996. Its presentation follows that of previous volumes. Part one contains basic texts and information of a general nature; part two deals with the European Commission of Human Rights; part three with the European Court of Human Rights; part four with the Resolutions of the Committee of Ministers; and parts five and six with the other work of the Council of Europe in the field of human rights, the situation in the Member States, and developments within the European Communities. A Bibliography and Index are included.
Ce volume de l' Annuaire de la Convention européenne des Droits de l'Homme, préparé par la Direction des Droits de l'Homme du Conseil de l'Europe, concerne l'année 1996. La première partie contient des textes fondamentaux; la deuxième partie contient les rapports de la Commission européenne des Droits de l'Homme; la troisième partie donne des informations sur la Cour européenne des Droits de l'Homme; la quatrième partie contient des Résolutions du Comité des Ministres; et les cinquième et sixième parties regroupent toutes les autres activités concernant la Convention dans le cadre du Conseil de l'Europe et comprennent des informations sur les débats devant les parlements nationaux et sur les développements au sein des Communautés européennes concernant la protection des droits de l'homme. Le volume se termine avec une bibliographie et une index alphabétique.

Ciarán Burke and Alexandra Molitorisová

European Court of Human Rights (ECtHR or the Court) is not a tribunal of fact in the manner of many national courts. Its adjudication is limited to its assignment, per Article 19 of the European Convention on Human Rights ( ECHR ), to ensure the observance of obligations under the Convention by the