. Finally, the paper concludes with recommendations and future predictions. The Appendix includes a glossary of terms (Appendix 1) and a comparative table of 46 jurisdictions and their regulatory treatment of ICO s (Appendix 2). iv Literature Review The present paper examines the ICO funding model in
production in this sector. This is predictable in light of the major investments made in the past two years in the U.S. and Canadian automotive sector to increase productivity and competitiveness. 76
In relation to services there is an overall prediction that GHG emissions will rise: 77 the ‘greatest
treaty rules are also worth mentioning. They offer some indication of whether treaty rules possess the capability to influence custom. However, they do not deliver a test in order to decide conclusively whether the treaty rule has been influential or not. Akehurst states that at least "some prediction
explicitly qualify their estimates as "quantitative experiments to suggest possible orders of magnitude" rather than as unconditional predictions of future policy impacts (p. 1143). In the context of the current discussion, it needs to be kept in mind that the GATS only covers natural persons supplying
developed customary international law, such that the customary minimum standard had evolved to the same level as the "fair and equitable" treaty standard. 1 10 Mondev thus is in line with Professors Dolzer and Schreuer's prediction that the "insistence that FET is identical with customary international law
permissible state regulation,” the Grand River tribunal cautiously noted that “[d]etermining the contents of that law … often calls for necessarily uncertain predictions of how future courts will apply past decisions involving different [state regulations].” 54
From this context, the tribunal forcefully
subject to what the parties arranged at the time of signature of each specific compromise.
In fact, Article 98 of the EC-Chile Association Agreement expressly limits the operability of the above prediction to what is “ … subject to the conditions and qualifications set out therein (Schedules
Yackee’s predictions, but also indicate that more MNCs are availing themselves of protection under PRIPs. According to the Berne Union, private PRI providers issued over $93 billion in new business during 2012 and had a total exposure of $219 billion in investment coverage. 24 In 2008, the Berne Union
institutions such as the IMF and the EU, and the writings of publicists also indicate the resilience of the doctrine. 216 The prediction on the continuing existence of the doctrine is also supported by the return of the state to an openly central place in national and international economic matters.
Contract Law, 72 Nw. U.L.R., 1978, 854, 862-5, 887-9. 14 For, as Salacuse noted: "... a deal is a prediction ... Deal-makers' predictions at a negotiating table inevitably have to confront the realities of change later on." J. Salacuse, Making Global Deals: Negotiating in the /�f