/ Journal for the Study of Judaism 38 (2007) 553-580 References to the Ishmaelites exemplify apocalyptic fantasy, a genre of midrash which H.A. Wolfson characterizes as historical and eschatological predictive scriptural interpretations. Th e historical interpretation seeks predictions of future events in
S. Weitzman / Journal for the Study of Judaism 40 (2009) 213-241 229 support (cf. 1QM 11:6-7, which interpreters the oracle in Num 24:17 as a prediction of victory). What is illuminating here are not the acts them- selves (long before the Hellenistic age, divination and sacriﬁ ce were widely
developed a list of such 6 Robert Stein, “Redaction Criticism, New Testament,” ABD 5:649.
188 mark roncace distinctive elements in Josephus’ depiction of biblical heroes. Josephus, he says, provides main biblical characters with an impressive genealogy, tells of the predictions and wondrous events
,’ annihilation through murder. […] As for the intellectuals who are busy acquiring rare books. […] What do you need books for if you will never live to read them?” And thus he goes on and on. What if Hirsch’s predictions prove to be untrue? 98 The last question indicated that Kaplan still did not exclude himself
appearance, as well as the parts of darkness and light, characterizing individuals as a function of their date of conception. This is not an individualized prediction (as was argued in many previous commentaries), but a system predicting the category to which the individual types belong as a result of their
," pp. 20-48, discusses the emergence of the canon of the Hebrew Bible, the royal ideology, the predictions of an ideal king and the transfor- mation of messianism in the Book of Daniel, and tries to answer the question why there was no messianic movement in the Persian and in the early Second Temple
. Judges 5 alludes to historical circumstances, while Num 14:11, 22 briefly relate to the signs [אתות] God performed in Egypt and the wilderness. Finally, when God first reveals Himself to Samuel (cf. 1 Sam 3:1-15) He briefly refers to a prophecy given to Eli (cf. 1 Sam 3:12). Apart from a prediction of
to suppress the interests of the people without their knowledge. He domineered the religio-political ISA by weeding out the representatives of the masses and replacing them with his own lackeys.
Another interesting aspect of the pseudo-prediction about Herod is the note that “he will judge them
and Folklore 25 (2012): 1-26 [Hebrew].
24) Calculations of apocalyptic dates included predictions that the messianic era would begin in the years 240 and 440-490 C.E. ( b. ʿAbod. Zar. 9b and b. Sanh. 97a-97b). See Avi-Yonah, Jews of Palestine , 71; Irshai, “Dating the Eschaton,” 131, 133, 148
the prediction in ch. 7 would materialize.
68 This approach to the relationship between the four visions in chs. 7-12 should be compared with Karina Martin Hogan’s reading of Fourth Ezra as a dialogue between three schools of thought over how to respond to the destruction of the Second Temple; see