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Peilin Li and Yi Zhang


In 2013, China further advanced into the deep waters of reform. Overall, a series of policies for structural adjustment, growth stabilization, and development promotion yielded the following preliminary results. Economic growth rates stabilized; employment rates showed a positive trend in which aggregate demand slightly exceeded aggregate supply, and urbanization levels are expected to surpass 54%. Compulsory education further developed in a balanced way. University enrollment favored central and western regions. The transformation of government functions accelerated, and non-governmental organizations are expected to grow substantially in the future. More and more people were covered by social insurance. However, problems concerning development imbalance and unsustainability still exist. Statistical data relating to the first three quarters of 2013 indicated that the growth of income for urban and rural residents slowed down. Rising food and housing costs affected the consumption lifestyles of the ordinary people and delayed the naturalization of rural migrant workers. University graduates experienced difficulties in finding employment—structural unemployment will be problem that will continue into the foreseeable future. The problem in providing for the elderly will become more striking. Mass incidents caused by environmental deterioration rapidly increased. Violent terrorist incidents in some areas had an impact society’s sense of security as a whole society. Therefore, continuing to properly handling the intensity, progress, and direction of macro-control and making stable efforts in guaranteeing and improving the people’s livelihood will be of very great practical significance in 2014—the year of reform. Receiving adequate education and finding gainful employment are the two chief aspirations of every Chinese. It is necessary to take all these factors into considerations when pushing forward with relevant policies related to reforming the household registration system. With the implementation of the two-child policy, which allowed for couples to have two children if either the husband or the wife were only children, it is necessary to prevent a rebound in population numbers. It is imperative to soundly pushing forward rural land and housing system reform on the premise of protecting the interests of farmers. The most critical task lies in vigorously innovating the mode of social governance and promoting social harmony and stability.


Guangjin Chen


In 2014, China’s employment situation continued to improve; the employment structure was further adjusted; resident income grew faster; and the income distribution pattern started favoring workers. Household consumer prices were basically stable; the people’s living consumption showed relatively fast growth and further boosted economic growth. Continuous improvement was made in the social security system, and the level of social insurance and assistance was further increased. Public finance continued to favor the people’s livelihood and social development; non-governmental social participation continued to enhance. Meanwhile, economic and social development was subject to difficulties and challenges, various parties should make efforts to cope with them to forge ahead in the new orientation for continuous quality improvement in economic and social development.

James Carney and Pádraig Mac Carron

exceeds this size, cultural prostheses like comic-book literature come into play that negotiate the difference between human circumstances and human ability. We summarise this hypothesis in more detail in the pages following, but its main outcome was to deliver four predictions: comic-book superheroes

Perri Eason, Omar Attum and Ryan Earley

30303, USA e-mail: Abstract. Most data on aggressive encounters in varanid lizards are qualitative and often anecdotal. The few quantitative reports have not explicitly tested the predictions generated by game theoretical models of animal combat despite their apparent relevance

Jeanette Gundel

. Th is paper aims to clarify the major claims and predictions of the GH theory, showing how it is fundamentally diff erent from other referential hierarchies in a number of ways, most importantly because cognitive statuses on the hierarchy are assumed to encode manner of accessibility, not degree of

Abraham Ibn Ezra on Nativities and Continuous Horoscopy

A Parallel Hebrew-English Critical Edition of the Book of Nativities and the Book of Revolution. Abraham Ibn Ezra’s Astrological Writings, Volume 4


Shlomo Sela

The present volume offers the first critical edition, accompanied with English translation and commentary, of Sefer ha-Moladot, which addresses the doctrine of nativities and the system of continuous horoscopy in nativities, and of Sefer ha-Tequfah, which is devoted exclusively to continuous horoscopy in nativities. The doctrine of nativities makes predictions about the whole of an individual’s subsequent life on the basis of the natal chart, and the system of continuous horoscopy in nativities is concerned with the interval between life and death and makes predictions based mainly on anniversary horoscopes, which are juxtaposed with the natal horoscope. To Abraham Ibn Ezra’s mind, not only are these two doctrines the core of astrology; they also epitomize the praxis of the astrological métier.

“Sela...has provided explanatory appendices and very interesting notes about Jewish attitudes toward the sciences and astrology in the middle ages.” Reference & Research Book News, 2013.

Marek Špinka, Marie Palečková and Milada Řeháková

them, compared to when they appear bare, i.e., without the metacommunicative element in immediate neighbourhood. Only a few studies have tested one or more of the three predictions quantitatively either in primates (Waller & Dunbar, 2005 ; Palagi, 2007 ) or in other mammals such as canids (Bekoff

R.E. Lemon and E.M. Date

- hoods states that song similarities between neighbouring individuals arise because of common influences on their songs exerted by the acoustic environment of their habitat. An assumption of the hypothesis is that sounds are distorted differently by different types of habitat. A prediction of the

Aryeh Lazar

stronger will be the contribution of that aspect to the prediction of that individual’s satisfaction with that something. The notion that satisfaction is dependent not only on the perception of what an individual receives but also by what that individual expects is the basis of Need Fulfillment Theory