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Fahed Al-Sumait

brill.nl/mjcc MEJCC Middle East Journal of Culture and Communication 4 (2011) 125–145 © Koninklijke Brill NV, Leiden, 2011 DOI 10.1163/187398611X571319 Public Opinion Discourses on Democratization in the Arab Middle East Fahed Al-Sumait * University of Washington, USA Email: alsumait

Democratising Development

The Politics of Socio-Economic Rights in South Africa

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Edited by Peris Jones and Kristian Stokke

What are the prospects and means of achieving development through a democratic politics of socio-economic rights? Starting from the position that socio-economic rights are as legally and normatively valid as civil and political rights, this anthology explores the politics of acquiring and transforming socio-economic rights in South Africa. The book brings together an interdisciplinary group of leading scholars in an examination of the multifaceted politics of social and economic policy-making, rights-based political struggles and socio-economic rights litigations. The post-apartheid South African experience shows that there is no guarantee that democracy will eliminate poverty or reduce social inequality, but also that democratic institutions and politics may provide important means for asserting interests and rights in regard to development. Thus it is argued that democratic politics of socio-economic rights may democratise development while also developing democracy.

Elton Skendaj

Democratizing Process 1 Elton Skendaj Cornell University Abstract Th is article presents a case study of the dynamics of implementing an internationally-funded peace education project at the local level. Drawing on the author’s personal experience as Albanian National Coordinator for the Peace and Disarmament

Armen Mazmanyan

DOI: 10.1163/157303509X406232 © Koninklijke Brill NV, Leiden, 2009 Review of Central and East European Law 34 (2009) 71-92 Should Constitutional Courts Adjudicate Political Disputes? The Perspectives of Democratization in Soviet Successor States Armen Mazmanyan Abstract This article explores

J. Bruce Jacobs

Taiwan—together with India, Japan and South Korea—is one of only four consolidated Asian democracies. Democratizing Taiwan provides the most comprehensive analysis of Taiwan's peaceful democratization including its past violent authoritarian experiences, leadership both within and outside government, popular protest and elections, and constitutional interpretation and amendments. Using extensive field research including the conduct of many interviews with government and party leaders, journalists, academics and a wide variety of citizens over many years as well as substantial research into documents, newspapers and academic research, Professor Jacobs provides many new insights into Taiwan's democratization. He also analyses areas in which Taiwan continues to face difficulties.

Post-Communist Democratisation in Lithuania

Elites, parties, and youth political organisations. 1988-2001

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Diana Janušauskienė

Post-Communist Democratisation in Lithuania: Elites, Parties, and Youth Political Organisations. 1988 – 2001 explains post-communist changes in Lithuania. The transformation of political party system, political elites and youth political organisations in Lithuania are examined in light of democratisation in other post-communist countries. By linking theories of democratisation and elites to actual events, the book provides an analytical framework for interpreting political regime change and development in Lithuania. The book is based on five assumptions: (1) democratisation in Lithuania belongs to a ‘Western type’ of democratic development; (2) elites and nationalism were the major forces in modernisation; (3) Lithuanian elites have used the favourable conditions of perestroika and were the major actors in regime transformation; (4) the crop of political elites in Lithuania undergoes a generational change, and youth political organisations are very important in this process as they serve as schools for future politicians; and (5) class theory is less useful than elite theory when analysing the process of democratisation in Lithuania.

Thomas Kalinowski

Kalinowski University of California, Berkeley, Institute of East Asian Studies, 2223 Fulton St., Berkeley, CA 94720, USA tkalinowski@berkeley.edu; tkalinowski@web.de Abstract In this paper I analyze the nexus between economic crises, market oriented reforms, and democratization in Indonesia and Korea since

George Klay Kieh

Democratization and Peace in Africa GEORGE KLAY KIEH, JR. * ABSTRACT The paper examines three interrelated issues: 1) The nature and dynamics of the Western-led "crusade for democratization in Africa;" 2) the obstacles to democratization and peace; and 3) the prospects for democratization and

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Adina Stefan

Securitization and Democratization reveals the mutual dependency between democratization and securitization, two processes that while evolving reinforce each other. The study of the democratic consolidation is complemented by the more complex and dynamic securitization elements that offer an in-depth view of the internal threats to be faced. Ms. Stefan’s analysis creates an articulated and coherent concept underlying the close dependence between democracy and security. As a study case, Romania provides a wide scale of situations in several security sectors and contributes to building a model that is operational in any post-communist society.

David Lovell

of the foreign policies of liberal democracies tends to diminish the challenges of democratization and has the potential to exacerbate international tensions, bring democracy itself into disrepute, and diminish the role of traditional diplomacy in manag- ing differences between states. Keywords