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Sebastian Rimestad

to concentrate on the political approach. I will analyze the interaction between the Moscow Patriarchate and the European Court of Human Rights (hereinafter “ecthr”) following Russia’s accession to the Statute of the Council of Europe in 1996. 2 In concentrating on the political angle, however, I

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Nina-Louisa Arold

While the supervision of the European Court of Human Rights constantly grows in importance, little is known about the people, especially the judges, inside the Court. To what extent are human rights sensitive to different traditions and is their work burdened through the plurality of legal, historical-political or vocational experiences among the judges? Looking at the first three years of permanent operation of the Court, this book suggests that it is the legal culture that brings the judges together. Based on interviews, field study observations and an analysis of case law, this book takes a novel approach on European human rights law and provides researchers and practitioners with an important basis for a full understanding of the Strasbourg case law.

Grigory Vaypan

the former or the latter; it is uncommon to build, argue, and decide a case using both. Second, it is a case where the Russian Constitutional Court effectively overruled itself and acted to implement a series of judgments by the European Court of Human Rights on a legal issue affecting almost any

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Edited by Peter Kempees

This volume supplements the first two volumes of A Systematic Guide to the Case-Law of the European Court of Human Rights which appeared in late 1996. It covers the years 1995 and 1996, and follows the same system as the previous volumes. Thus this volume, together with Volumes I and II, offers a compilation of relevant passages of all the Court's judgments from 1960 up to and including 1996, arranged according to the Articles of the Convention and its Protocols. The Guide will enable its users to find all the rulings of the Court which may be relevant to a given problem, and will reduce considerably the time and effort needed for research. It will continue to be updated at regular intervals.

Dominik Haider

Structural human rights deficiencies in the member states of the European Convention of Human Rights have caused numerous individual applications to the European Court of Human Rights and are a considerable factor in the Court's persistent overload crisis. The Pilot-Judgment Procedure was devised to tackle these structural deficiencies and has become an important instrument of the Court.

Dominik Haider examines to which extent the Pilot-Judgment Procedure is reconcilable with the European Convention on Human Rights. After an analysis of the member states’ obligations to resolve structural deficiencies, the author asks if the European Court of Human Rights is empowered to take the procedural steps which are characteristic of the Pilot-Judgment Procedure. In particular, the Court's express orders are critically scrutinised.

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Edited by Peter Kempees

This volume supplements the current three volumes of A Systematic Guide to the Case-Law of the European Court of Human Rights. It covers the years 1997 and 1998, and follows the same system as the previous volumes. Thus this volume, together with Volumes I, II and III, offers a compilation of relevant passages of all the Court's judgments from 1960 up to and including 1998, arranged according to the Articles of the Convention and its Protocols. The Guide will enable its users to find all the rulings of the Court which may be relevant to a given problem, and will reduce considerably the time and effort needed for research. It will continue to be updated at regular intervals.

Laurence A. Groen

This note analyzes the functioning of the Russian judiciary on the basis of the European Court of Human Rights’ judgments in the cases of OAO Neftianaia Kompaniia Iukos and three of the company’s former leading executives, Mikhail Borisovich Khodorkovskii, Platon Leonidovich Lebedev and the late Vasilii Aleksanian. The analysis turns to the breaches by the Russian state of Articles 5 (right to liberty and security), 6 (right to a fair trial) and 18 (permissible restrictions to the rights guaranteed) of the 1950 European Convention for the Protection of Human Rights and Fundamental Freedoms, as established by the Court in the aforementioned cases, and the role of the Russian judiciary therein. In light of the fundamental flaws and structural nature characterizing the violations found, the conclusion is reached that the Russian judiciary (still) appears not to be entirely free from undue influence by the other branches of government.

Kahn

substantial reforms, especially in the criminal justice system. The author examines these reforms as well as the increasing number of cases in which Russia is a respondent before the European Court of Human Rights in Strasbourg. Drawing on interviews, the Court’s statistics and his own experience training

Freek van der Vet

This article asserts that Russian nongovernmental organizations (NGOs) contribute to processes of transitional justice in Chechnya through their litigation in front at the European Court of Human Rights (ECtHR). Having delivered more than 200 judgments on atrocities which occurred during the two recent conflicts in Chechnya, the ECtHR has repeatedly ruled that the state should pay financial compensation to the victims. While the Russian Federation has been following through on such payments, human-rights monitors allege that domestic authorities have failed to take active measures to address the atrocities themselves.

Through a qualitative interview study with Russian lawyers and NGO representatives, this article seeks to scrutinize how NGOs have been using the ECtHR’s mechanisms and judgments by way of leverage to initiate processes of transitional justice in post-conflict Chechnya. It appears that the ECtHR is not an end-station for human-rights claims and individual grievances but, rather, the start of a series of further claims. NGOs: (a) engage in political advocacy in implementing the judgments; and (b) create leverage for the criminal prosecution of perpetrators.

Russia and European Human-Rights Law

The Rise of the Civilizational Argument

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Edited by Lauri Mälksoo

In Russia and European Human-Rights Law: The Rise of the Civilizational Argument, Lauri Mälksoo and his co-authors critically examine Russia's experiences as part of the European human-rights protection system since its admittance to the Council of Europe in 1998. The authors combine legal and constructivist international-relations theory perspectives in studying Russia's practice and rhetoric as a member of the Council of Europe and a subject to the jurisdiction of the European Court of Human Rights. Certain aspects of human-rights doctrine and practice in Russia are particularly highlighted: the increasing impact of Orthodox Christian teachings on the Russian government's ideology, the situation with media freedom, freedom of religion, etc. The authors draw widely on Russian sources and media. The questions whether modern-day Russia truly fits in the human-rights protection system of the Council of Europe, and whether a margin of appreciation will suffice when dealing with Moscow, are highly relevant in contemporary European politics.