to the concept of maqāṣid (goals, purposes). Conventional Islamic legal theory knows five overarching maqāṣid , to which all concrete norms are subservient: the protection of religion, life, intellect, lineage, and property. 110 Ironically, in pre-modern times the concept of maqāṣid served to
.300 Soon afterwards, he and young members of other Muslim
notable families in Beirut such as the Bayhums founded the Jamʿiyyat
al-maqāṣid al-khayriyyah al-islāmiyyah, the “Society for Islamic Charitable
297 Donald Cioeta: “Islamic Benevolent Societies and Public Education in Ottoman Syria,
, supérieur général [La propagande protestante
s’accroît],” in: Annales de la Congrégation de la Mission (Lazaristes) et des Filles de la
Charité XXXVIII (1873), 51–57.
“Katholische Verleumdungen,” in: Evangelisches Missions-Magazin 21 (1877), 40–47.
Al-fajr al-ṣādiq. Al-jamʿiyyat al-maqāṣid al
Europe; these and many others emphasise al-Shatibi’s work on the objectives of sharia ( maqasid al-sharia ), and the prevalence of public good ( maslaha ) over rigid legalism. This example of medieval intellectual productivity, which happened in different times and contexts, is being borrowed by later
Hidden Imam, and the legal competence of those other than “the Deputy ( nāʾib ) of the Imam.” 24
Al-Karakī’s main legal work, the Jāmiʿat al-maqāṣid , is a commentary on the ʿAllāma al-Ḥillī’s Qawāʿid al-aḥkām . It was written, so he tells us in a short preface, as a way to discharge some of his