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In: Stressing the past
Author: Adam Cooper
In Reconciling Indo-European Syllabification, Adam Cooper brings together two seemingly disparate phenomena associated with Indo-European syllable structure: the heterosyllabic treatment of medial consonant clusters, which tolerates CVC syllables, and the right-hand vocalization of sonorants, which ostensibly avoids them. Operating from a perspective that is simultaneously empirical, theoretical, and historical in nature, he establishes their compatibility by crafting a formal analysis that integrates them into a single picture of the reconstructed system.

More generally, drawing on evidence from Vedic, Greek, and Proto-Indo-European itself, Cooper demonstrates the continued relevance of the ancient Indo-European languages to contemporary linguistic theory, and, moreover, reaffirms the value of the syllable as a unit of phonology, necessary for these languages’ formal representation.
Author: Wm. G. Bennett

. “ Phonological teamwork in Kalahari Basin languages .” Africana Linguistica 24 : 75 – 97 . Lombardi , Linda . 1999 . “ Positional faithfulness and voicing assimilation in optimality theory .” Natural Language and Linguistic Theory 17 : 267 – 302 . Louw , J.A. 1962 . “ On the

In: Click Consonants
Author: Hang Zhang
Tones are the most challenging aspect of learning Chinese pronunciation for adult learners and traditional research mostly attributes tonal errors to interference from learners’ native languages. In Second Language Acquisition of Mandarin Chinese Tones, Hang Zhang offers a series of cross-linguistic studies to argue that there are factors influencing tone acquisition that extend beyond the transfer of structures from learners’ first languages, and beyond characteristics extracted from Chinese. These factors include universal phonetic and phonological constraints as well as pedagogical issues. By examining non-native Chinese tone productions made by speakers of non-tonal languages (English, Japanese, and Korean), this book brings together theory and practice and uses the theoretical insights to provide concrete suggestions for teachers and learners of Chinese.
Author: William Labov

logistic regression for binary variables. The variable constraints were attached to the various features of categorical rules. The “variable rules” so formed never developed a life of their own, though in more recent years, quantitative constraints have been integrated into varieties of Optimality Theory

In: New Directions for Historical Linguistics
Author: Brian D. Joseph

Research Encyclopedia . DOI : 10.1093/acrefore/9780199384655.013.40. Smolensky , Paul and Alan Prince . 1993 . Optimality Theory: Constraint Interaction in Generative Grammar . New Brunswick : Rutgers University Center for Cognitive Science Technical Report 2 . Szemerényi , Oswald J. L

In: New Directions for Historical Linguistics
Authors: Marc Pierce and Hans C. Boas

, Charles F. 1968 . The State of the Art . The Hague : Mouton . Hoffmann , Thomas and Graeme Trousdale (eds.). 2013 . The Oxford Handbook of Construction Grammar . Oxford : Oxford University Press . Holt , D. Eric . 2015 . Historical Sound Change in Optimality Theory: Achievements

In: New Directions for Historical Linguistics
Papers on Baltic and Slavic accentology
Volume Editors: Thomas Olander and Jenny Helena Larsson
From a synchronic point of view, the various accentuation systems found in the Baltic and Slavic languages differ considerably from each other. We find languages with free accent and languages with fixed accent, languages with and without syllabic tones, and languages with and without a distinction between short and long vowels. Yet despite the apparent diversity in the attested Baltic and Slavic languages, the sources from which these languages have developed – the reconstructed languages referred to as Proto-Baltic and Proto-Slavic respectively – seem to have had very similar accentuation systems.
The prehistory and development of the Baltic and Slavic accentuation systems is the main topic of this book, which contains sixteen articles on Baltic and Slavic accentology written by some of the world’s leading specialists in this field.