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Øyvind Heimset Larsen, Jon Gunnar Nesse and Synnøve Rubach

The concept of triple helix (TH) cooperation was introduced about two decades ago, as a method of enhancing innovation and value creation. A good networking practice for knowledge-based development should identify the correct balance between business, research and government. The TH model for cooperation embodies an argument for public initiatives in business networks. The purpose of this paper is to test the public role in TH efforts in Norway. This paper therefore poses the following question: What is the public sector’s role in network development and cooperation in Norway when the initiative is based on the triple helix model? Data from five different business networks in Norway has been collected and analysed to answer this question. The results indicate that the public engagement in the different networks varied with the life cycle phase of the network and the public sector’s position in the value chain. The balance between the public and private sphere may vary from as little engagement as possible (laissez-faire) to being an equal TH partner.

Loet Leydesdorff and Han Woo Park

Triple Helix arrangements of bi- and trilateral relations can be considered as adaptive ecosystems. During the last decade, we have further developed a Triple Helix indicator of synergy as reduction of uncertainty in niches that can be shaped among three or more sets of relations. Reduction of uncertainty can be generated in correlations among distributions of relations, but this (next-order) effect can be considered as a feedback counterbalancing the uncertainty generated in the localized relations. We first explain the indicator and then review possible results when this indicator is applied to (i) co-author networks of academic, industrial, and governmental authors and (ii) synergies in the distributions of firms over geographical addresses, technological classes, and industrial-size classes for a number of nations. Co-variation is then considered as a measure of relationship. The balance between globalizing and localizing dynamics can be quantified. Too much synergy locally can also be considered as lock-in. Tendencies are different for the globalizing knowledge dynamics versus locally retaining wealth from knowledge in industrial innovations.

Christiane Gebhardt

( Saxenian 2007 ). In this context, Patel and Conklin, and others, show how transnational entrepreneurs balance their network in scope and size in dual environments, with the help of models, to enhance their ability to operate in both environments ( Basu and Pruthi, 2018 ; Drori et al. 2009 ; Elo and

Eduardo Cadorin, Magnus Klofsten, Alberto Albahari and Henry Etzkowitz

the growth and development of entrepreneurs and their firms (including in Science Parks) stresses the importance of having a balance of “configuration” and “process” oriented resources in the supply of business support ( Autio and Klofsten 1998 ; Albahari et al. 2018b ). Many studies have shown that

Yanyan Ji and Yanjun Zhang

balance of subjects with different roles. In relation to curriculum objectives, instead of overemphasizing knowledge imparting, the new curriculum standards emphasize on more the achievement of the three-dimensional goals: knowledge and skills, process and methods, emotions and values. With regards to

Roxanne T. Bongco and Rodrigo D. Abenes

without achieving anything. I do not want to age in this rank.) (P6).” However, it had been observed that, on many occasions, the participants tend to put off their pursuit for desired promotions, most especially during their children’s growing years. Due to the challenging demands of balancing their

Marita Cronqvist

and understand the instructions. The student teachers´ reflections on performance are mostly very personal and concrete about what happened in interaction with the pupils. None of the participants reflect on the self-justifying level ( Sockett & LePage, 2002 ). All video papers are balancing between

The Future of Teaching in 500 Words or More

The Confucian Perspective of Education on “Self-Cultivation”

scores in the exam, the lofty status of moral education has actually existed just in name only. How to find the balance between knowledge teaching and moral education has become a difficult educational topic. In the context of globalization, Chinese society has shown a trend of multiple existence of

“The Students Have Been Spoilt Previously”

A Case Study on the Professional Development of Chinese Language Teachers in Hamburg

Ping Ren and Meinert Meyer

-centered didactics. And what holds for Ms. T also holds for the majority of my other teachers. Most of the cfl teachers have identified their professional difficulty finding a balance between motivating students and ensuring learning achievements; having fun and learning with hard work; students’ orientation and

Horst Zeinz

fields education can make the difference by turning the balance to peace or to conflict.” (Jäger 2015). Results of a study from Heidelberg, Germany show that the participation in projects of peace education has a positive effect on the peaceableness of the participants: They are more willing to approach