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Jenny Grote Stoutenburg

Several low-lying atoll island states are at risk of losing their entire territory due to climate change-induced sea level rise. In Disappearing Island States in International Law, Jenny Grote Stoutenburg examines the most relevant and pressing international legal questions facing threatened island states: at which point would a sovereign state disappear? Who could make that determination? Which legal status would its citizens have? What would happen to the state’s maritime entitlements and its international rights and obligations? Does international law protect the international legal personality of states that lose their effective statehood for reasons beyond their control? In answering these questions, the book goes to the root of a fundamental problem of international law: the nature of statehood.

Alexander Zahar

Despite the hopeful prediction in the New York Times story, we are very far from being able to use satellites to verify compliance with the Kyoto Protocol’s caps on greenhouse gas emissions of Annex I states. The problem is not only one of insufficiently developed or installed technology. “Satellite verification” would also mean changing the current system of reporting-and-review of state emissions, opening it up to independent scrutiny, and making it less forgiving of state evasiveness and ambiguity about emissions than it is now. Some states will be interested in this proposal and others will not. In any event, the current MRV system, built on bottom-up state reporting, will remain the dominant framework of international GHG emissions knowledge for the foreseeable future. To safeguard its own credibility, it must progressively be strengthened. In this article I outline the existing verification regime’s main shortcomings and argue that the most efficient way around them is to incorporate into the current MRV system top-down (satellite and surface) measurements, resolved by modeling software at the state level, and produced by independent scientific experts in cooperation with the UNFCCC.

Nils Markusson

robust when it comes to natural science, and less so when it comes to analysing technology development in its social, economic, and political contexts. What is needed is more serious analysis of geoengineering as a dynamic, interdependent, assemblage of delivery, monitoring, and prediction functions

David M. Driesen

justify them in the perfect market of neoclassical law-and-economics practitioners. This problem of split incentives may lead to a prediction that in rental markets, economically desirable purchases of energy-efficient appliances will not occur at optimal rates. This sort of fine-grained economic dynamic

Anna Huggins

, actors, interests, and predictions of future scenarios are all characterized by controversy and fluctuation. 4 Applying insights from Callon’s work, Fisher posits that environmental law can be seen as ‘hot’ law, as it ‘is directly concerned with “hot situations” in which the agreed frames, legal and

Jesse L. Reynolds

will be very challenging, and it is the greatest impediment to fines or liability. 23 Suppose that a country, after a nearby climate-engineering field test, suffered a severe weather event, perhaps an event that was consistent with modelled predictions of the experiment. Judges and others would wish

Neil Craik

processes. First, eia processes depend on the ability of assessors to make accurate predictions about environmental impacts, or on their ability to identify areas where risk from uncertainty arises in relation to a proposal. 37 Experimental technologies may be more likely to entail risk. This is

Helle Tegner Anker, Chris W. Backes, Lasse Baaner, Andrea M. Keessen and Stefan Möckel

/ha/year) in some of the eastern parts of the Netherlands. 9 Despite a general reduction in ammonia emissions by 24 % since 1990, predictions up to 2020 indicate that the risk of exceeding critical loads remains high, irrespective of the implementation of current policies and measures to reduce nitrogen

Benoît Mayer

considered as a form of adaptation, through building resilience, rather than compensation for loss and damage. Compensation should not be conditioned on the participation of states in such a scheme. 88 See supra note 56. 89 See e.g. Suraje Dessai et al., ‘Do We Need Better Predictions to Adapt

Katrina M. Wyman

also points to precedents that could be used to bolster the legal case for deploying some of these tools on behalf of persons who need a refuge because of climate change. I make three sets of assumptions in identifying these legal options. First, consistent with the predictions of experts, I assume