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Nada Gligorov

mere expectation of a reward. In situations where our expectation of or prediction of the award is correct, there is an increase in dopamine but there is an even greater increase when the reward is better than expected. Schroeder and Arpaly argue that this prediction system is disordered in addicts and

Véronique Zanetti

minimize social conflict and its possible political negative bias. The judge might also trim for heuristic reasons when confronted with expertise making radically differing recommendations on the basis of differing statistical predictions on the impact of the economic and social costs of illegal

HÉlÈne Landemore

emulate in terms of methodology and results. RCT is thus presented as having the hard goals of a natural, empirical science, seeking to explain and predict its objects—human decisions—by deducing the laws ruling them from a small set of axioms and then testing the predictions of the latter against the

Melissa Fusco

premature. Alternatives to Propositions Castañeda’s interest for Chrisman lies in the former’s concern—in a broadly Anscombian vein—with the difference between prediction and intention . Castañeda proposes that practitions be thought of as the semantic values of announcements of intention (“I

Unconsidered Intentional Actions

An Assessment of Scaife and Webber’s ‘Consideration Hypothesis’

Florian Cova

cannot make any prediction. And a theory that cannot make any prediction has clearly a very low explanatory power. So, does CH fare better when we use our own intuitions and ‘common sense’ to predict how much consideration participants will attribute? I don’t think so. It rather seems plausible to

Edward Harcourt

of predicting how people will likely behave in … familiar situations’ (p. 173) is surely just what it won’t do. On the other hand if that is what it does, surely this is because the predictions are restricted to ‘familiar situations’, like home or office or sports field. But if virtue

Shmuel Nili

predictions (for instance regarding the expected impact on poverty of affluent nations removing their protectionist trade barriers), but also, more importantly, due to structural factors. Cohen sees “no case for the claim that [global] changes will suffice holding domestic institutions fixed, and no reason to

Jesse Anne Tomalty

Cohen’s account therefore have no predictive power. I doubt, however, that this threatens Cohen’s more general point, which I take to be one about reasonable hope. Returning to the quotation that inspired the discussion, King’s aim was surely not to make some grand prediction about the demise of

Kurt Sylvan

insights about fundamental reasons. In other words, assuming re , we should expect moral thought to have a two-tiered structure that reconciles (1) and (2). But it is unclear why Star thinks re makes this prediction. re is a metaphysical analysis of reasons. As Star agrees (16; 106), it is fallacious

Jason Marsh

empirical dimensions of the project. Some might want to think about whether different economic predictions are testable at the moment, or about the possible merits of a two-child policy, or about the problem of finding more caregivers for aging persons. I can also imagine some scientists (and not just some