Black-footed Penguins, Spheniscus demersus, have been living in an open air enclosure in Artiszoo since 1961. Their numbers varied from 7 to 103 in the period under study extending from 1961 to 1982. The information used in this survey is derived from records made by the zoo keepers and from a study of the behaviour of the penguins that was performed in 1979-1980.
Marie-Josée A.E. Leloup
B. Sket and J. W. Arntzen
A morphologically distinct cavernicolous salamander Proteus anguinus from southeastern Slovenia (Bela Krajina) is described as P. a. parkelj ssp. n. It differs from P. a. anguinus in a dark pigmentation, fully developed eyes, a skull with broader and shorter bones and fewer teeth, a voluminous jaw musculature that gives the head a bulky appearance, a proportionally longer trunk with a higher number of vertebrae, shorter extremities, and a shorter tail. Most of these traits are considered to be plesiomorphic character states. An allozyme analysis over 40 loci has shown the new dark pigmented taxon to be genetically similar to a white and troglomorphic neighbouring population from Stična (D Nei = 0.23). Both populations in turn are genetically dissimilar to a geographically more distant population from Postojna (D Nei = 0.49). The observed level of genetic differentiation suggests that western and southeastern Slovenian populations form separate lineages since the uppermost Miocene but conservatively hitherto only a single species is recognised. The new taxon is only known from a small area and may be rare. P. a. parkelj, now under strict legal protection, is threatened by industrial pollution.
Various Authors & Editors
Part 2: The Expeditions of H.A. Lorentz to New Guinea, 1903-1914
National Archives of the Netherlands
In 2004 Moran Micropublications started a new series of archival publications on microfiche on the theme of science in a colonial context. The first part consisted of the archive of the “Indies Committee for Scientific Research” (order number MMP112) (in Dutch Indisch Comité voor Wetenschappelijke Onderzoekingen), which organized and sent out many scientific expeditions to various parts of the Indonesian archipelago in the last years of the nineteenth and early part of the twentieth centuries. In these years the world’s second largest island, New Guinea, was still largely unknown to the outside. The Dutch, who claimed half the island as part of their East Indies colony, were anxious to explore it for both commercial and scientific reasons and organized a series of expeditions there, among others in 1903, 1907, and 1909-1910. H.A. Lorentz (1871-1944, not to be confused with the Nobel-prize winning Dutch physicist Hendrik A. Lorentz, 1853-1928) participated in the first and led the second two. His personal archive of the three expeditions contains a great deal of correspondence with individuals and institutions in several countries and languages with an index of correspondents in the appendix (Bijlage I, pp.21-26 below); much information on the organization and infrastructure of the expeditions; and of course diaries, field notes, draft reports and other documents concerning the local population and the geography, flora and fauna of the regions explored. Also included are several maps, newspaper clippings and articles and manuscripts of his two major publications in which he recounted the first and third of the expeditions: Eenige maanden onder de papoea’s [Several months among the Papuans] (1905) and Zwarte menschen, witte bergen [Black people, white mountains] (1913, new edition 2005). His archive forms a valuable supplement to that of the Indies Committee.
H. B. Klijn
Age and sex criteria are studied of 74 Starlings, 39 ♂ ♂ (14 first-year) and 35 ♀ ♀ (27 first-year), in March.
Weight, bill length, wing length, lengths of the iridescent parts of the throat and breast feathers, lengths of the white tips on the breast and abdomen and the amount of black colour on the bill are treated quantitatively.
Qualitatively treated are: gloss of the plumage, gloss on the lesser secondary coverts, gloss on the breast, pointedness of breast and abdominal feathers, length of the throat feathers, gloss on the end of the outer web of the secondaries, colour of the under wing coverts and form of the upper tail coverts.
Skull ossification was expected to be completed in March, but finding 7 birds with an incompletely ossified skull, this character has been included in our study.
Ian R. Ball and David A. Hay
Macquarie Island (54°37’S 158°54’E) has been investigated for the occurrence of freshwater macroturbellarians. Twenty sites were examined but only one species, here ascribed to the genus Minona sensu lato of the Monocelididae, was found and it is described as Minona amnica sp. nov. Its closest taxonomic relationships seem to be with M. istanbulensis Ax from the Black Sea, and M. mica Marcus from Brasil. The new species is unusual in that it occurs throughout the fresh waters of the island even though it is a member of a predominantly marine group. Minona amnica occurs from windswept plateau lakes down to brackish water near the sea and data concerning the distribution and relative abundance of the species in various habitats are presented and discussed.
recordl). This species is interesting genetically because of the sex-limited ab- dominal colour polymorphism found in females. This was first described by BASDEN (1957) who has shown (personal communication) that prob- ably a single Mendelian difference determines the yellow (dominant) and black
mg per ml 0.85 % saline, 3 hrs, 37 °C). The techniques used for demonstration of lipids and proteins were direct staining methods, and extraction methods. For lipids sudan black B (sat. in 70 % alcohol or ethylene glycol) was employed. The copper phthalocyanin method using Luxol Fast blue was applied
312 Fig. 11. Tolerance of S (white dots) and T (black dots) to tedion, total number of . S-eggs concerned: 2125; T-eggs: 2039. For reasons of stability and high resistance-level, strain T, therefore, ap- peared to be suitable material for an investigation into the genetics of resistance to tedion in
M. de Jonge
Schriftauslegung". In alle drie afdelingen vinden wij zeer gevarieerde bijdragen. Onder , , Text und Exegese" staan een opstel van M. Black over" The Composi- tion, Character and Date of the Second Vision of Enoch' " en een artikel van B. K6tting over "Die Aufnahme des Begriffs 'Hiereus' in den christlichen
thickly covered with mosses, lichens, and short grass (2 )); b. in bare sand (22); c. in a growth of C. epigejos under scattered birches (23); d. under creeping willows (24) ; e. on a hillside among a number of old black poplars (populous nigra L.) (z5). , , Series 3.-Woods situated in a steep