curriculum and the ideal way of studying theology. They differ in outlook. Burman even advocates a critical attitude based upon a Cartesian principle. Precisely because of unorthodox ideas gaining ground Maresius voiced somber reflections on an assumed decline of the Dutch faculties of theology. 1
Various Authors & Editors
National Archives of the Netherlands, The Hague
Although slavery had been abolished in the British colonies as early as 1833, it persisted in the Dutch possessions in the East Indies and particularly their West Indies colonies of Surinam and the Antilles, which were plantation economies. No serious voices were raised for emancipation in either government circles or public opinion until the publication of Harriet Beecher Stowe’s classic Uncle Tom’s Cabin in the United States in 1852. Questions in the Dutch Parliament concerning the colonial budget for 1854 led the government to appoint a State Commission in November 1853 to investigate the situation of the slave population in the colonies and propose appropriate measures. Former minister of the Colonies and governor-general of the Netherlands East Indies, J.C. Baud, was named chairman and the members were drawn from the colonial civil service, parliament itself and representatives of commercial interests involved in slavery, including plantation owners.
The commission gathered material, heard witnesses and eventually produced two reports in September 1855 (on Surinam) and July 1856 (on the West Indies islands and West Africa, the Gold Coast, then still a Dutch colony) after which it was disbanded. The legislation the commission proposed remained, however, without immediate effect and the government and parliament would continue to wrestle with the question of slave emancipation until slavery was finally abolished on 1 July 1863.
The commission’s archive contains minutes of its meetings, correspondence, documentation assembled on the condition of the slaves in the various colonies, memoranda and interim reports by members and non-members. It has now been microfilmed by Moran Micropublications in cooperation with the National Archives of the Netherlands. The micropublication includes the two reports and their appendices, which were printed for parliament but never published, as well as a memorandum against the reports written on behalf of the slave owners of St. Martin in the West Indies.
discuss the role of the ministry was St Cyprian in his treatise on the preservation of unity in the Church, written about 260. His main thesis in that essay is that Church unity is fos- tered and preserved not so much by common doctrine, nor by the voice of charismatic prophets or martyred members of the
Joris Van Eijnatten
form of sermons. The pastor was required not only to spread the message, but also to do so in unison with his colleagues, as did the seraphim sur- rounding the Throne of the Lord (in Isaiah's vision: Isa. 6,1-3). Pastors must speak out in one voice, in order to pre-empt counter- voices.' It may be
unacceptable to all the established Churches, ever critical of ecclesiastical organisation and ready to voice their criticisms. These were the figures who always interested Firpo. He is known above all for his work on Tommaso Campanella, Traiano Boccalini, Giovanni Botero and Giordano Bruno. In Scritti sula
to the anti-revolutionary leader, voiced their criticism towards the government. The author pays special attention to the government's social policy during the economic crisis in the 1930s. As the coalition government followed a restrictive monetary policy in order to keep the value of the Dutch
many theologians agreed with Jerome, there were occasional voices pleading for the text's canonicity, and a number of defenders of its religious authority, even if one accepted Jerome's stern verdict. In the last chapter of his book, Hamilton pays attention to the reception, in various religious and
established Churches, ever critical of ecclesiastical organisation and ready to voice their criticisms. These were the figures who always interested Firpo. He is known above all for his work on Tommaso Campanella, Traiano Boccalini, Giovanni Botero and Giordano Bruno. In Scritti sula Riforma in Italia we have
James M. Estes
and Luther not in their differing views on free will, an issue that was never all that important for Erasmus, but in their contrasting views of the relationship between scripture and the church, with Erasmus more and more inclined to ascribe to the church the decisive voice in the determination of the
voices can be heard beneath the notably dominant tone that Clark always brings to his work; happily, he does not often suppress their accents. Any historian who seeks to impose order over such a long stretch of time is bound to suffer a large degree of dissent in the ranks, and the alert reader will wish