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A Delicate Balance of Health
This book offers the first extended study published in English on the Hippocratic treatise On Regimen, one of the most important pre-Platonic documents of the discussion of human nature and other topics at the intersection of ancient medicine and philosophy. It is not only a unique example of classical Greek dietetic literature, including the most elaborated account of the micro-macrocosm and phusis- technē analogies, but it also provides the most explicit discussion of the soul-body opposition preceding Plato. Moreover, Bartoš argues, it is a rare example of an extant medical text which systematically draws on philosophical authorities, such as Heraclitus, Empedocles and Anaxagoras, and which had a decisive influence on both physicians, such as Galen, and philosophers, most notably Plato and Aristotle.

and because the situation forces them to talk precisely about the material side of the preceding transactions, the ex-spouses switch into a calculating mode as if they were external observers keeping track of the balance sheets. An ancient analog for divorce drama is the agôn of Jason and Medea in

in The Economics of Friendship

not only long-lasting, but also unequal: a child can never do or give enough to balance out his parents’ favor; but he can reciprocate to the best of his ability. In other words, we have a case here of primordial debt , a debt we are born into, just by the grace of being born, a debt that cannot be

in The Economics of Friendship

reciprocity, and therefore that all human interaction can best be understood as a kind of exchange. If so, then debt really is at the root of all morality, because debt is what happens when some balance has not yet been restored. 23 This requires some clarification of Graeber’s use of the phrase “principle of

in The Economics of Friendship

the value of this is not measured in relation to money, and honour will not balance it in the scales, though presumably it will suffice to do what is possible, just as in relation to gods and to parents . 176 Aristotle takes friendship centered around philosophy to be an instance of friendship based

in The Economics of Friendship

coincidence that in homo-erotic contexts, χαρίζεσθαι refers predominantly to the eromenos “gratifying” the erastes —not the other way around. 53 In an erotic context, the term χαρίζεσθαι facilitates misrecognition of the power balance by suggesting an equal distribution of agency. This is why, in erotic

in The Economics of Friendship

, and the use of exile as the punishment of choice maintained civic order. Self-regulation is key here: the careful balancing of individual interests in the context of a competitive political culture with an ideology of equality within an elite group was the central tension of all oligarchic regimes

in Polis: The Journal for Ancient Greek and Roman Political Thought

commentary suggesting otherwise – that nowhere does Polybius in fact speak of the ‘mixed constitution’. 56 What Polybius does talk about is cooperation, conflict and obstruction between constitutional parts. Polybius uses the language of ‘composition’, ‘competition’, ‘arrangement’, ‘balance’ or ‘equilibrium

in Polis: The Journal for Ancient Greek and Roman Political Thought

Duties in particular, looking at the specific officia that Cicero saw as binding politicians, and by drawing on a range of forensic speeches and treatises. Chapter Three, ‘Rhetoric as a Balancing of Ends: Cicero and Machiavelli’ brings Cicero and Machiavelli’s political theorizing closer together

in Polis: The Journal for Ancient Greek and Roman Political Thought

very rarely offers any positive argument to provide the balance for the overall isostheneia his official method requires. Usually, it is said that this is because the various disciplines themselves provide those positive arguments and Sextus’ task is therefore exclusively to add weight to the other

in Phronesis