need for spectacle being the constants. Nationalism requires imagined connections across distance ( Anderson, 2006 ). Media become the atmospheric glue that binds collective imagination. This plays out in the US in such a way that notions of national identity have moved from the maintenance of an

in The International Journal of Critical Media Literacy

algorithms and analytics. In the 2016 presidential election, media executives encouraged their news stations to use the spectacle of personalities and polls to drive ratings. Their strategy worked, as ratings spiked by roughly 40 percent over the previous year on Fox News, and cnn overcame near 20-year

in The International Journal of Critical Media Literacy

. ( 2017 ). “ Spreadable Spectacle in Digital Culture: Civic Expression, Fake News, and the Role of Media Literacies in “Post-Fact” Society .” American Behavioral Scientist 61 ( 4 ): 441 – 454 . Morriss L. ( 2016 ). Dirty secrets and being ‘strange’: using ethnomethodology to move

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