The area along the Lawa River, the border river between Surinam and French Guiana, is presently inhabited by about 2,000 Maroons who call themselves Aluku or Boni. They are the descendants of Surinamese slaves who escaped from plantations during the period of slavery. After protracted fighting on Surinamese territory, they finally fled to French Guiana.
This is a fascinating account of the genesis of the Boni- Maroons and their continuous warfare against the white planters and their colonial armies. The works that have been published on the Boni-Maroons, for instance John Gabriel Stedman's famous 'Narrative' from 1796, represent only fragments of the Boni-history.
Wim Hoogbergen's book is a successful attempt to paint an overall picture of this interesting Maroon-history. The author combed the archives of The Netherlands, France and Surinam in search of data referring to the Boni-Maroons from their origins until 1860, with astonishing results.
The Western Indian Ocean in the Eighteenth Century is the first of four volumes offering a sweeping panorama of the Arabian Seas during the early modern period. Focusing on the period 1700-1763, the first volume concentrates on daily life in littoral societies, examining long term issues including climatic change, famine, and the structures of fishing communities. The volume examines littoral societies in each of the major coastal areas of the Western Indian Ocean: East Africa, the Red Seas, the Persian Gulf, and its traditional ties to surrounding hinterlands as well as to the west coast of India. While having particular interest to readers concerned with Indian Ocean history, as an absorbing and innovative account of a much neglected albeit critical area and period,
Arabian Seas, 1700-1763 will be of great interest to anyone interested in early modern maritime, social, or economic history.
Kings, Gangsters, and Companies, volume two of
Arabian Seas, 1700-1763 focuses on European relations with the major states and societies of the Western Indian Ocean during the eighteenth century. As such, it traces the major structural changes in African, South Asian, and Middle Eastern societies during this period. Chapters examine European communities and their relations with the societies of the Indian Ocean basin, the daily life of European soldiers and merchants, relations with Indian women, European views on the Indian caste system as well as the governmental systems they encountered. The volume also details the importance of Indian and Persian merchant communities in the Indian Ocean trading system and the impact of war on the economic development of this system during the eighteenth century.
Men and Merchandise, the third volume of
Arabian Seas, 1700-1763, provides a detailed examination of the economic and social structures in the Western Indian Ocean focusing on key commodities like bullion, textiles, and the slave trade. Readers will also encounter interesting vignettes of daily life: an Indian nautch girl worried about her inheritance, a Portuguese gangster-friar and pariah workers, the infamous buccaneers of Madagascar, coffee-traders from Yemen, Cairo, and the Crimea, and Iraqi and Iranian bankers who all had relevance to this vast economic system.
Men and Merchandise provides insights into other traditionally ignored aspects in the traditional historiography including uprisings aboard slave ships, and details of maroon societies involving refugee slaves in India and Mauritius as well as Dutch slave soldiers in the Persian Gulf. As such, it will prove of great interest to any reader concerned with the social and economic history of the Indian Ocean basin.
Europe in Asia, the fourth volume and final volume in
Arabian Seas, 1700-1763, details the early phase of European territorial empire building in the western Indian Ocean basin. Particular attention is given to the much neglected history of the Portuguese
Estado da India and the attempts of the Portuguese Crown to reform its administration and dwindling possessions in the eighteenth century. The volume examines the direct legacies of the longstanding Portuguese imperial presence in the Arabian Seas, including the experiences of Indian Catholic communities as well as the establishment of Indian settlements and communities in East Africa. Finally, the volume provides an exhaustive treatment of the structures and history of the Dutch East India Company (VOC) and English East India Company (EIC), the establishment of the vast private country trade of the EIC, and the reasons for the relative decline of the VOC and the rise of English power in the region during the eighteenth century.
November 1520, two mutinies had been suppressed and conspirators were either marooned on islands off the southern strait, chained and used as forced labor onboard, or decapitated and quartered. Detailed stories like these fill the pages of The First Circumnavigators , bringing the experiences of forgotten
forms of marronage, usually among first-generation African slaves. Wilderness maroons—slaves who fled to natural hiding places in the forests or countryside, often in groups—are indeed the freedom seekers that have received the most attention in the academic literature, with Jamaica, Suriname and Brazil
have been no relief from discriminatory taxation by the time the debate shifted once again with the onset of war against Jamaica’s Maroons.
The First Maroon War (1729–1739)
The third phase of collective Jewish taxation in Jamaica occurred against the backdrop of the First Maroon War (1728
or obscure terms, above all “utopia,” “utopian,” and “utopianism,” but also “empire,” “satire,” “ maroon ,” “reduction,” and “Polybion.” Facts and concepts are sometimes taken for granted as known or clearly understood by readers who may include undergraduates, or simply lack ESP. A copy editor would
captions sometimes float adrift, sep- arated from their imagcs by narrow reefs of text, some images lie marooned several pages from their discussion. Quite literally scattered
433 through the text-some plates appear at rakish angles-the reproduc- tions are often too small to be legible. One longs for
Domingo]: Ed. Caribe, 1955), p. 188. Today it is a neighborhood of the capital city, lado oriental . 50 Juan José Arrom and Manuel A. García Arévalo, Cimarrón (Santo Domingo: Fundación García Arévalo, 1986). As many as 200-300 people had been living in Baoruco as early as the 1540s, Richard Price, Maroon
treated their wives so badly that it made perfect sense to have communities of runaway women. If it was pos- sible for runaway slaves to form maroon societies, it was even more possible, La Condamine argued, for indigenous women to create com- munities of females, because they were even more exploited