Vincent Evener

The current public commemoration—or in some cases, celebration—of the 500th Anniversary of the Reformation by a host of religious and educational institutions comes, ironically, at a time when scholars of the Reformation are engaged in searching debates concerning the historical coherence and

Joke Spaans

that they present us with a unique visual record of the way in which the Reformation was not just remembered, but continually reconceptualised in a number of national contexts and in successive periods. The print shows the Reformers grouped around three sides of a table bearing a candlestick with a

The Hungarian Reformation

Books from the National Széchényi Library, Hungary

Hungarian Reformation
Books from the National Széchényi Library, Hungary

The European Reformation affected societies from the Highlands in Scotland to the Carpathians in Transylvania. In recent years historians have begun to uncover the true breadth of religious reform across Europe during the early modern period. This has fundamentally changed our perception of the Reformation and of the development of Europe's major confessional communities.

No part of Central Europe was more profoundly impacted by religious reform than the lands of the medieval Hungarian kingdom. On the front-line between Christian and Muslim Europe, Hungarian society was divided between a range of religions in the middle decades of the sixteenth century. In the Transylvanian principality these divisions were peacefully accommodated in a remarkable system of religious pluralism. The texts of Hungarian reformers, whether Lutheran, Calvinist, Catholic, or Anti-Trinitarian have hitherto been virtually unknown to the scholarly community. For the first time, this collection offers a comprehensive survey of the original writings of the Hungarian reformers. It includes texts from the period of the first stirrings of reform in the 1540s through to works written for the established churches of the region during the 1650s.

Religious diversity
The titles in this collection convey the unique character and wider significance of religious life in early modern Hungary. Texts have been chosen to reflect the religious diversity and spread of ideas about reform among the different linguistic communities of the region. There is firstly a focus on the emergence of three major strands of reform during the sixteenth century (Lutheran, Reformed, and Anti-Trinitarian), through works of doctrine, confessions, and catechisms. Further texts highlight battles over religious truth with particular regard to the sacraments and the Trinity. A third group of texts focus on the revival of Catholic piety in Hungary from the beginning of the seventeenth century. This collection also particularly concentrates on the development of Hungarian Reformed religion during the seventeenth century, one of the most significant but least well-understood of Europe's Calvinist churches, and includes literature about patterns of worship, educational reform, attitudes to politics and history, and about the Hungarian Puritan movement.

Wider significance
This collection is of immediate value not only to researchers of the history of Reformation in Central Europe, but also to those working on the impact across Europe of leading figures including Luther, Calvin, Bullinger, and Canisius. It is an invaluable resource for historians interested in the Lutheran Reformation, the development of international Calvinism, the Catholic Reformation, and the emergence of Anti-Trinitarianism. Finally, the collection features significant texts for historians of toleration, education, and patterns of religious piety.

Graeme Murdock

Jason Goroncy

brief reflections on what I judge to be live challenges for those Christian communities committed to a refusal to withdraw from sharing and creating common life with others, and for whom the various reformations of the sixteenth century remain critical for the formation of their identities. One

Politics and Reformations: Histories and Reformations

Essays in Honor of Thomas A. Brady, Jr.


Ediert von Christopher Ocker, Michael Printy, Peter Starenko and Peter Wallace

These twenty-three essays, presented by students, colleagues, and friends to Thomas A. Brady, Jr., the Sather Emeritus Professor of History at the University of California at Berkeley, explore the historiographies of the Reformation from the fifteenth century to the present and study the social and cultural history of religion from the sixteenth to eighteenth centuries, especially in Germany but also in Switzerland, the Netherlands, and colonial Mexico.

Contributors include: Dean Bell, Peter Blickle, Christoph Burger, Roger Chickering, Constantin Fasolt, Kaspar von Greyerz, Bernd Hamm, Craig Harline, Joel Harrington, Susan Karant-Nunn, Greta Kroeker, Amy Leonard, Marc Lienhard, Terence McIntosh, Erik Midelfort, Christopher Ocker, Michael Printy, Anne J.Schutte, Julie Tanaka, William B.Taylor, Elaine Tennant, Lee Palmer Wandel, and Ellen Yutzy Glebe.

Publications by Thomas A. Brady, Jr.:

Edited by Thomas A. Brady, Jr., Heiko A. Oberman, and James D. Tracy, Handbook of European History 1400-1600: Late Middle Ages, Renaissance and Reformation. I: Structures and Assertions, ISBN: 978 90 04 09760 5
Edited by Thomas A. Brady, Jr., Heiko A. Oberman, and James D. Tracy, Handbook of European History 1400-1600: Late Middle Ages, Renaissance and Reformation. II: Visions, Programs, Outcomes, ISBN: 978 90 04 09761 2
Edited by Thomas A. Brady, Jr., Katherine G. Brady, Susan Karant-Nunn and James D. Tracy, The Work of Heiko A. Oberman, ISBN: 978 90 04 12569 8
Protestant Politics: Jacob Sturm (1489-1553) and the German Reformation, ISBN: 978 0 391 03823 3
Edited by H.A. Oberman and T.A. Brady, Jr., Itinerarium Italicum: The Profile of the Italian Renaissance in the Mirror of its European Transformations, ISBN: 978 90 04 04259 9
Ruling Class, Regime and Reformation at Strasbourg 1520-1555, ISBN: 978 90 04 05285 7
Communities, Politics, and Reformation in Early Modern Europe, ISBN: 978 90 04 11001 4

Editor of Studies in Central European Histories

Radical Reformation and Medicine in the Late Renaissance

The Case of the University of Padua

Riccarda Suitner

The question of the Reformation’s influence on academic medicine is a controversial one that has been widely debated and investigated in recent decades. With particular reference to Germany, many scholars have asked in which contexts and to what extent there was a correlation between the


Ediert von Virpi Mäkinen

The volume provides new evidence of how the legal ideas of the Lutheran Reformation were put into practice, especially in the Nordic countries, and how they worked in the history of law. Denmark, Finland, Norway and Sweden forming the largest Lutheran area in the world, this lacuna is considerable.
The first part of the book deals with the legal, theological and philosophical thought of the reformers. The second part examines the impact of the Reformation on particular aspects of legal reform, especially marriage and criminal law and the law on poor relief in the Northern Europe.
The study is based on interdisciplinary research by theologians and legal historians.

Contributors include: Kaarlo Arffman, Pekka Kärkkäinen, Mia Korpiola, Virpi Mäkinen, Heikki Pihlajamäki, Antti Raunio, Risto Saarinen, and Reijo Työrinoja.

Kęstutis Daugirdas

1. Preliminary Remarks In contrast with other European countries, the Reformation in the Kingdom of Poland and the Grand Duchy of Lithuania, which were united in a personal union up to the Sejm of Lublin (1569) and thereafter in a federal real union, began a generation later. This was


Ediert von Heinz-Dieter Heimann

Der zweite Band der »Geschichte der Sächsischen Franziskanerprovinz von der Gründung bis zum Anfang des 21. Jahrhunderts« deckt den Zeitraum von der Reformation bis zum Kulturkampf (15001870) ab.
Die Beiträge behandeln die Ordensspaltung im 16. Jh. und ihre Folgen (B. Schmies), die Stellung der sächsischen Franziskaner zur Reformation und ihre Auseinandersetzung mit der Reformation (K.B. Springer, P. J. Schlageter OFM). Die Situation des Ordens und der Klöster in und nach der Reformation, strukturelle und wirtschaftliche Probleme sowie Chancen durch Aufhebung und Wieder bzw. Neugründung - auch der franziskanischen Frauengemeinschaften - werden
durch die Beiträge von Chr. Loefke, G. Gleba und R. Butz beleuchtet. Weitere Kapitel sind der Entwicklung von Bildung und Wissenschaft vom 17.19. Jh. in der Saxonia (D. Burkard/Br. A. Fieback OFM), dem saxonischen Selbstverständnis und der Seelsorge (P. W. Einhorn OFM) sowie der Alkantarinerbewegung unter G. Janknecht (K. Schmies) gewidmet.


Tom Scott

This collection of essays covers relations between town and country, regional economic systems, and historical regional studies in late medieval and early modern Germany, in particular how these bear upon social and religious change in the age of the Reformation. Starting from case-studies of South-West Germany, Switzerland and Alsace, the essays broaden out to consider the formation of economic landscapes, the development of urban territories, and the survival of forms of serfdom throughout Germany as a whole. While issues of economic and social structure take pride of place, they are accompanied by analysis of regional mentalities and cultural identities as well.
With an Introduction by Tom Brady.