International Studies on Military Ethics is a peer reviewed series of monographs, theses and edited volumes. The series aims to promote the scholarly analysis and practical teaching of the complete spectrum of military ethics, to include the ethical aspects of the ius ad bellum, the ius in bello, the ius post bellum and the ethical aspects of international peacekeeping. It will, moreover, explore interactions with related fields of interest such as humanitarian assistance, international humanitarian law, emerging military technologies and human rights. The series will examine the ethical implications of decisions taken at all levels, from senior policy makers to individuals at the tactical level.

This series is published under the auspices of EURO-ISME, the European Branch of the International Society for Military Ethics.

This is a new series with an average of one volume per year.
In 2012, the UK introduced the ‘Preventing Sexual Violence Initiative’. This work examines whether it is actually possible to prevent sexual violence being employed as a weapon of war against women, men and children. It assesses existing prevention strategies, uses Daesh as a case study – to illustrate the limitations of the current approaches – and considers additional measures. The author concludes that it is possible to prevent sexual violence in war, provided that all appropriate measures are harnessed and adapted to the specific circumstances of each conflict. It will, though, require improvements to existing strategies, the use of additional prevention measures, more resources and long-term engagement of all actors. This volume was awarded the 2017 first prize in EuroISME’s annual best thesis contest.

Im Jahr 2012 führte das Vereinigte Königreich die “Initiative zur Verhütung von sexueller Gewalt” ein. Diese Arbeit untersucht, ob es tatsächlich möglich ist, sexueller Gewalt vorzubeugen, die gegen Frauen, Männer und Kinder angewandt wird. Sie bewertet schon vorhandene Vorbeugungsstrategien, verwendet Daesh als Fallstudie – um die Grenzen der derzeitigen Ansätze zu illustrieren - und zieht zusätzliche Maßnahmen in Betracht. Die Arbeit schlussfolgert, dass es möglich ist, sexuelle Gewalt im Krieg zu verhindern, vorausgesetzt, dass alle angemessenen Maßnahmen nutzbar gemacht und an die spezifischen Umstände jedes Konflikts angepasst werden. Dies wird jedoch Verbesserungen der bestehenden Strategien, den Einsatz zusätzlicher Präventionsmaßnahmen, mehr Ressourcen und langfristiges Engagement aller Akteure erfordern. Diese Arbeit wurde mit dem ersten Preis des Jahres 2017 im EuroISME-Wettbewerb für die beste Abschlussarbeit in Militärethik ausgezeichnet.

En 2012, le Royaume-Uni présente l’Initiative de Prévention de la Violence Sexuelle (PSVI). Cet ouvrage étudie la possibilité d’empêcher que la violence sexuelle ne soit utilisée comme arme de guerre contre les femmes, les hommes et les enfants, évalue les approches préventives existantes, prend Daech comme sujet d’étude de cas pour montrer les limites que présentent les approches actuelles, et considère des mesures supplémentaires. Ce travail conclut qu’il est possible d’empêcher l’usage de violence sexuelle en situation de conflit, pourvu que toutes les mesures adéquates soient exploitées et adaptées aux spécificités de chaque conflit. Des améliorations aux stratégies existantes, l’utilisation de mesures de prévention supplémentaires, davantage de ressources et un engagement à long terme de tous les acteurs seront cependant nécessaires. Ce mémoire a reçu le premier prix de l’année 2017 du concours annuel d’EuroISME pour le meilleur mémoire universitaire en éthique militaire.
European armed forces have frequently had to participate in counter-terrorist operations while abroad. For many, however, counter-terrorist operations in their home country are a relatively new phenomenon. Armed and uniformed soldiers can now be seen doing work which is, in some respects, comparable to that of the civilian security forces. What are the ethical implications of this phenomenon? To what extent does it change the relationship between the soldier and the democratic state? Do emerging technologies encroach on democratic freedoms? Does the phenomenon re-define the relationship between the police and the military? Under what conditions can soldiers be trained to achieve victory by force of arms, be used effectively in crowded city centres? Conversely, do we also risk over-militarising our police?
The Iron Curtain fell over a quarter of a century ago. With it fell also the relatively straightforward Western assumption that war was going to be a bi-polar, symmetrical affair, albeit one with nuclear overtones - an assumption around which the training and education of military officers had hitherto been built. The immediate post Cold War period showed officers wearing a blue, rather than a green helmet, negotiating with opponents whom they ought not to call enemies and keeping the peace in situations where there was no peace to keep. Added to this was the phenomenon of international terrorism, which manifested itself on the strategic, rather than merely the tactical level. Counter-insurgency operations in Iraq and Afghanistan demonstrate how difficult it is to win the hearts and minds of the local population while subduing the enemy at the same time. With the distinction between what is morally right and wrong becoming ever more blurred, the moral dilemmas of officers and men have begun to multiply and the need to reconsider the basic assumptions and practices of military ethics education in this highly unpredictable world has become ever more urgent. This volume, arising out of a conference held at the Centre for Leadership Development and Civic Education of the German Armed Forces, attempts to address that need. It offers the insights both of officers with combat experience and academics closely familiar with military training, and uniquely bridges the gap between theory and practice in the teaching of military ethics.
Editor: Patrick Mileham
Jus Post bellum: Restraint, Stabilisation and Peace seeks to answer the question “is restraint in war essential for a just and lasting peace”? With a foreword by Professor Brian Orend who asserts this as “a most commendable subject” in extending Just War Theory, the book contains chapters on the ethics of war-fighting since the end of the Cold War and a look into the future of conflict. From the causes of war, with physical restraint and reconciliation in combat and political settlement, further chapters written by expert academics and military participants cover international humanitarian law, practicalities of the use of force and some of the failures in achieving safe and lasting peace in modern-day theatres of conflict.
Following the humanitarian horrors of the 1990s, the international community began to seek consensus on a new norm to help address the tension between upholding the sovereign right of states to administer their own internal affairs, and the pressing need for civilian populations to be protected from their own government in certain situations. The result was the responsibility to protect initiative from the UN, accepted as an emerging norm and based on existing legal structures although not itself necessarily accepted as law.

This volume looks not only at the humanitarian-inspired interventions of the past 15 years, such as those that took place under the Force for Good banner of the UK Government under New Labour, but also looks at what this has meant for the people actually involved in doing them. What responsibilities do states have towards their own soldiers when sending them to protect ‘other’ people? Should that responsibility extend to moral and psychological protection as well as physical protection, and if so, how? How far does the duty go when considering the protection of one’s own citizens who have deliberately placed themselves in harm’s way, such as journalists who have chosen to leave the safety of a protected area? What happens when institutions are faced with the choice of protecting their people or their reputation? What does it feel like for the inhabitants of a state who become ‘protected’ by the international community?

The book brings together international scholars and practitioners to address these concerns from both sides of the coin, recognising that international initiatives have practical implications.
Author: Peter Olsthoorn

inherent to special operations, Baker offers a framework to make deeper and wider research possible. All chapters in this book are based on papers delivered at the 5th EuroISME conference in 2015 in Belgrade, Serbia, and it is good to see that the diverse backgrounds of the conference participants is also

In: Military Ethics and Leadership

Reinhold Janke during the preparation of volume no. 2 of EuroISME’s book series ‘International Studies on Military Ethics.’ The chapter ‘Moral Judgement in War and Peacekeeping Operations: An Empirical Review’ (in vol. 2 printed on page 75–111) had been drafted by Miriam C. de Graaff, Femke D.A. den Besten

In: Military Ethics and Leadership
Author: Patrick Mileham

-intuitive? This concluding section-heading reflects the title of the EuroISME 2017 Conference in Brussels, broadly the title of this book – ‘Restraint in War: Essential for a Just Peace?’. The icrc research and report is certainly germane to the question in that title. What is the truth of the future of

In: Jus Post Bellum

. Franz Kernic who both read draft version of this chapter. An anonymous reviewer for EuroISME helped me sharpen the overall focus and Dr. Patrick Mileham’s careful editing helped improve the manuscript. Remaining mistakes and weaknesses are, of course, mine.

In: Jus Post Bellum