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more dialects together form a new dialect. In the present case, it is English that has caused consistent vocabulary changes in Norwegian, i.e. one language has influenced another. Since these changes are not structural, but pertain to the lexicon, we do not want to classify it as koiné (see also

in Journal of Language Contact

alternative to Bickerton’s bioprogram hypothesis of language genesis ( 1984 ). In this book, Lefebvre also responds to the critique that has been directed at her theory in previous works dealing with creole genesis ( Lefebvre, 1998 ). This review has two parts. I will first present the contents of the book

in Journal of Language Contact

This book was first published as the major part of a thematic issue of the Journal of Pidgin and Creole languages (2010: 1), and is here presented as it was published, with its original preface but now with an index of subjects and names. It comprises five papers and a brief editorial

in Journal of Language Contact

which CVS emerged and evolved in Ecuador and the implications of the variety for the study of Afro-Hispanic creoles (chapters 2 and 6). Toward that aim, the author tests whether the sociohistorical and linguistic conditions necessary for a creole language to develop were present in the region at the

in Journal of Language Contact

development of Kriol and Gurindji Kriol, the stop contrast was not initially present. Through constant and increasing contact with English and the recognition of Kriol/English cognates, however, there is evidence that a voicing contrast is now developing in both languages—an example of language contact adding

in Journal of Language Contact

1 Introduction This article analyzes a set of contact-induced changes in the Northeastern ( ne ) Romani dialects. The changes concern a restructuring in the ways that Romani cases are used to represent the relations between constituents in various constructions. To present and illustrate these

in Journal of Language Contact

1 Introduction 1.1 Background and the Present Research Questions In recent years, heritage language, i.e. language learnt in a naturalistic setting in a society where another language is dominant, has started to receive some interest. Heritage speakers have been shown to be similar to

in Journal of Language Contact

, Carayol, Chaudenson and Barat 1984–1995). 1 Compared to its forerunners, the alpa is more modest in size: the data were elicited by means of a questionnaire of 466 items and are presented in two volumes with 414 maps and 232 lists, whereas the questionnaire for the three volumes of alré comprised more

in Journal of Language Contact

, Hokkien Chinese, Cantonese, etc. The present proposal radically differs from existing analyses: The standpoint we take here is that sce sentence-final what originated in the lexifier (non-local) language, British English. We propose that sce sentence-final what is a linguistic expression that

in Journal of Language Contact

would lead to productive debates and open pathways for further publication of special thematic issues. The present volume puts this intention into practice. This first issue (6.1) contains a number of articles on a variety of topics. The ‘Reviews’ section has been expanded: it consists of two critical

in Journal of Language Contact