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Volker Nerlich

the International Military Tribunal in Nuremberg: 12 it contains a detailed account of the rise of the Nazis since the end of the First World War, the seizure of power and the transformation of the German state – none of which were directly relevant to the charges against the accused, yet

Michelle Coleman

represented an important progression from the trials of the Middle Ages and that the Universal Declaration should specifically endorse a right rejected by Nazi Germany. 6 icc Statute Art. 66. 7 Ibid .; ictr , Prosecutor v. Mbarushimana , Case No. ICC-01/04-01/10-51, Pre-Trial Chamber I, Decisions on


people. 6 The Nazis abolished fed- eralism and made Germany a centralized, absolutist, and essentially arbitrary and lawless state. 1.2. The development of the German police since 1945 Between 1949, the year that the Basic Law was adopted, and 1990, the year of the German reunification, the western

Xavier Aurey

guilty, and this is in large part due to the defense’s argument, which sought to draw a parallel between the experiments carried out in Nazi Germany, and those which were being performed everywhere else in the world, particularly in the United States. 17 It should not be forgotten that even as the

Luke Moffett

, considered the execution of 50,000 to 100,000 German officers as the necessary satisfaction of justice. 12 In the end, after intense negotiations, the American delegation succeeded in establishing an international court to adjudicate on Nazi crimes, the International Military Tribunal (IMT) based in

Peter Quayle

-persecuted associa- tions. Political groups were amongst the first to swell the Nazi’s concentra- tion camps both in Germany and subject nations (most especially Poland). Negotiators attempted to add more categories, such as “political” groups, but failed. Schabas argues that this was a “political” not a “principled


Marin-Curtoud: Planète skin: les groupuscules néo-nazis face à leur crimes (Paris: L’Harmattan 2001) 206 pages. GERMANY Andreas Buderus, Gerd Dembrowski: Das zerbrochene Fenster: Hools und Nazi- Skins zwischen Gewalt, Repression, Konsumterror und Sozialfeuerwehr (Bonn: Pahl-Rugenstein 2001) 238 pages

Anja Matwijkiw

variables in the justice equation of the past? As pointed out by Michael J. Kelly and Timothy L.H. McCormack in their excellent and insightful essay, Th e Nuremberg Trial and the Subsequent Development of International Law, Winston Churchill was in favor of summary executions of the Nazi leaders in 1945

Helmut Gropengießer

The Criminal Law of Genocide The German Perspective HELMUT GROPENGIEßER 1 I. The German History of the Law of Genocide The term “genocide” is inseparably connected with German history. When Raphael Lemkin 2 coined this concept he had in mind the most heinous atroc- ities committed by Nazi

Boris Burghardt and Fabian Schellhaas

include not only the most important legal documents (IMT Charter; Control Council Law No. 10; Ordinance No. 7; Uniform Rules of Procedure) but also a comprehensive table of defendants providing a good overview of all accused in the 12 NMT cases and their respective positions held in Nazi Germany, the