This article examines challenges and opportunities resulting from the rapid expansion of information and communication technology (ICT), through their impacts on the traditional culture of a given community. The expansion of ICT extends to all spheres of our lives, and makes society globally-oriented, which has provided opportunities for communities located in remote regions to stay connected and participate in global issues, as well as to take advantage of new innovations, in a virtual environment. However, these developments have also resulted in tensions when considered from the perspective of maintaining fundamental values traditionally held by a community. These fundamental values are often developed from traditionally practiced social norms which, at times, are transformed to adapt to a new cultural reality in response to, for example, information-based technological development. Such developments may generate concern that information-based societal development will negatively influence the traditions and culture of communities, and indigenous communities in particular. These concerns suggest that the introduction of an invasive culture will affect the established community and their culture, who build their identity based on traditional norms. Many indigenous communities, whose identities are founded in nature-based traditional practices, are arguably afraid of losing their cultural values as a result of new information-based societal development. It is based on this premise that the following article considers the Sámi indigenous community of the European High North (EHN) as case study, to argue that culture is a transformational, and not a static, element in any given society; it highlights that information-based cultural development and traditional norms can be mutually re-enforcing. The article argues that culture should be viewed holistically, and that the integration of information-based societal development within traditional culture and identity contribute to cultural modernisation.
of its mission. The modern transition to an information-basedsociety, however, represents a particular challenge. In many episcopal and papal statements going back as far as Pius XII, the Catholic Chur...
Special Editors: Dorothée Cambou (Postdoctoral Researcher, Helsinki University) and Joëlle Klein (Junior Researcher, Arctic Centre, University of Lapland)
The Yearbook of Polar Law is based at the Faculty of Social Sciences and Law at the University of Akureyri in Iceland and the Arctic Centre of the University of Lapland, Finland and covers a wide variety of topics relating to the Arctic and the Antarctic. These include:
- human rights issues, such as autonomy and self-government vs. self-determination, the rights of indigenous peoples to land and natural resources and cultural rights and cultural heritage, indigenous traditional knowledge,
- local, national, regional and international governance issues,
- environmental law, climate change, security and environment implications of climate change, protected areas and species,
- regulatory, governance and management agreements and arrangements for marine environments, marine mammals, fisheries conservation and other biological/mineral/oil resources,
- law of the sea, the retreating sea ice, continental shelf claims,
- territorial claims and border disputes on both land and at sea,
- peace and security, dispute settlement,
- jurisdictional and other issues with regard to the exploration, exploitation and shipping of oil, gas and minerals, bio prospecting,
- trade law, potential shipping lines through the northwest and northeast passages, maritime law and transportation law, and
- the roles and actual involvement of international organisations in the Polar Regions, such as the Arctic Council, the Antarctic Treaty System, the European Union, the International Whaling Commission, the Nordic Council, the North Atlantic Treaty Organization, and the United Nations, as well as NGOs.
The papers in this volume are based on presentations at the 10th Polar Law Symposium, held in Rovaniemi in November 2017.
function is that of the emancipation and empowerment of citizens for the full and free exercise of democratic citizenship. In our information-basedsocieties, where the most needed knowledge is hidden and denied to the majority of the population, public intellectuals must fight against such concealment and
, and the development of an information-basedsociety presuppose strong transport, energy and communi- cations infrastructures. With this in mind, the Parliamentary Assembly welcomes the efforts being undertaken by the European Union to move forward with the expansion of trans-European networks and the
society (Ronfeldt 1992). The nancial institutions of information-basedsocieties are becoming increasingly information-based themselves. Transfers between nancial institutions increasingly involve only the ow of electrical impulses rather than physical matter. The physical transfer of money is
may now itself be unable to cope with the demands of the post-industrial information-basedsocieties of the turn of the millennium and thus may need to be replaced by new approaches to public and private management. This book's reconsideration of Max Weber's writings on bureaucracy and their
govern them. 22 Very often, these standards are antithetical to religious beliefs. 23 Quentin Schultze, too, raises concerns about the “techno-moral crisis” emerging from the diffusion of a modern information-basedsociety. 24 Information technology “fosters information-intensive, technologically
face challenges posed by an information-basedsociety, training them to move freely between learning environments, workplaces, regions and countries, and on the other hand promoting a more prosperous, tolerant, pluralistic and democratic society. In concrete terms, this means implementing a coherent