This book examines a widespread, and often misunderstood, doctrine within the medieval Aristotelian tradition, namely the inclusion of Aristotle's
Poetics within the scope of the
Organon. It studies this doctrine, as presented by the Islamic philosophers Al- Fārābī, Avicenna, and Averroes, from a purely philosophical perspective, and argues that the logical construal of the arts of rhetoric and poetics is both interesting and illuminating.
The book begins by examining some prevalent misconceptions regarding the logical interpretation of the
Poetics. Chapter two considers the Greek background of the doctrine, first through an examination of the Aristotelian divisions of the sciences, and then through an examination of the beginnings of the logical classification of the
Poetics among the Greek commentators from the school of Alexandria. The remainder of the work is devoted to a detailed consideration of the Arabic philosophers' development of the doctrine, both their understanding of its general epistemological and logical underpinnings, and their elaboration of the specific logical structures upon which poetical and rhetorical discourse is based. Consideration is also given to the relationship between contemporary philosophical views of rhetoric and poetics, and the views of these medieval authors.
than taking a purely textual perspective, and explicitly stated that the people should be allowed to choose whatever they see fit in their governance. This appeal notes an essential transformation in the movement from an ideological dogmatic movement, which views reality in terms of absolutist black
that the Indigenous psychology movement has grown (for example see Marsella, 2013)— All Psychology is Indigenous Psychology i.e. Latino/a Psychology, Asian Psychology, Native America Psychology, Black Psychology, Western Psychology, American Psychology etc.). This raises the question, what would
du philosophe et du médecin Ibn Ṭumlūs , iii, n. 3. 56 See, Deborah L. Black, Logic and Aristotle’s “Rhetoric” and “Poetics” in Medieval Arabic Philosophy (Leiden-New York-Cologne: E.J. Brill, 1990), 247; A. Hasnawi writes: “In fact […] the inclusion of the Rhetoric and the Poetics was in the
SIEPM Freiburg (Germany) August 20–23, 2014, ed. Nadja Germann and Steven Harvey. 44 صار هذا معروفا بين الدارسين. ويمكن العودة إلى الدراسة الجيدة والرائدة: Deborah L. Black, Logic and Aristotle’s “Rhetoric” and “Poetics” in Medieval Arabic Philosophy (Leiden-New York-Cologne: E.J. Brill, 1990). 45
shadow to the remoteness it has from its subject. He mentions in this very chapter that mountains seem black and the Sun the size of a shield when viewed from afar; this lack of color and accuracy is due to distance ( buʿd ). But he maintains that the shadow is still ineluctably linked to its subject and
nevertheless adhering firmly to his linguistic principles and avoiding recourse to purely rational considerations. A simple example is the following ḥadīth , reported on the authority of Ibn ʿAbbās: “The Black Stone is the right hand of God on earth; whoever shakes it and kisses it, it is as if he had shaken
a later work, Maqālāt al-Islāmiyyīn (Theological doctrines of the Muslims), however, his tone is calmer and his positions are less black and white, as he is freer to “take the spoils from defeated Muʿtazilism and enrich therewith a henceforth orthodox kalām ” 126 (which, for Ibn Taymiyya, it
passage, where he states that judgements ( al-qaḍāʾ bi-anna ) such as that black and white are contraries ( yataḍāddān ), or that motion and rest are contradictory ( yatanāqaḍān ), or that a body cannot be in two places at one and the same time are akin to “all universal propositions that [, which
Shīʿī (pl. Shīʿa) group in the third/ninth and fourth/tenth centuries known for adhering to a highly esoteric exegesis of the Qurʾān that often seemed to involve a complete disregard for the outward sense of the text. The Qarāmiṭa are perhaps most reputed for their infamous theft of the Black Stone and