two fundamental elements of living: the solid,
i.e., flesh, and the liquid, i.e., blood, which together encompass all the possible
constituents of life. A similar expression, sfrum-lipistum, which also conveys the
two fundamental elements of life, i.e., 'flesh and blood' (or perhaps, 'sperm') is
is not a high god, AN.ZA.ĜAR, appears already
to the king’s son Lugalbanda (Epic of Lugalbanda I 322–355, H.L.J. Vanstiphout, Reflec-
tions on the Dream of Lugalbanda, in J. Prosecký (ed.), Intellectual Life of the Ancient Near
East, Papers Presented at the 43rd Rencontre Assyriologique
, here tends
to associate with MI
KTĀM, found as superscription in a number of
psalms linked to events in the life of David (Pss. 16, 56–60). And while
KTĀB is translated in the Greek Bible simply by PROSEUCHĒ
KTĀM is consistently rendered by STĒLOGRAPHÍA,
inscription on a
judge of the dead and the living!
28′Pay attention to (my) prayer to 29′learn of my condition.
30′My warlock and my witch,
31′either a dead or aliving woman,
32′[either] my [ … ] or m[y] sons, [ …
(ll. 33′′–34′′ too fragmentary for translation)
35′′his heart, his body
toward the highlands of the living
the lord Gilgamesh indeed set his mind toward the highlands of
the living one.
He spoke to his servant Enkidu:
“Enkidu, since no young man can elude life’s end,
I shall enter the highlands, I shall set up my name.
Where a name can be set up, I shall set
have motivated the radical transformation that Mann’s Tabubu undergoes in Joseph in Ägypten ? Mann was not the first to hit on the idea of Tabubue (or of a Tabubue-like character) as a hag: Haggard’s beautiful Ayesha had suddenly shriveled up in the “Pillar of Life;” Murray’s Ta-Bubuë had become a
points of view and based on various theories in use. 4
In the history of research into emotions, 5 classical historians and philosophers (see below) have treated human emotional life as the expression of mind and body. In 1890, based on a study of facial expressions, Darwin proposed that human
“Inaros Cycle” rather than the earlier “Petubastis Cycle,” see W.
John Tait, “Demotic literature and Egyptian society,” in Life in a Multi-Cultural Society: Egypt
from Cambyses to Constantine and beyond, ed. Janet H. Johnson, SAOC 51 (Chicago: Oriental
Institute, 1992), 308, n. 24. According to Tait
not all contemporaneous, but also that they very probably served different functions and addressed different audiences.
The great variety of the graffiti at Hatra provide an outstanding source of information about the art, language, and—on a wider scale—the life of the city, particularly during
Description, genre/category and theme: The thematics of a text may affect the amount, and nature, of description in at least two ways. First, intratextually, the thematic importance of specific objects or object-complexes may motivate substantial description; this certainly