. Under Article
51A of the Indian Constitution, “[i]t shall be the duty of
every citizen of India – . . . (g) to protect and improve the
natural environment including forests, lakes, rivers and
wild life, and to have compassion for living creatures”1434.
The Court said that this provision (Art. 51A
reincarnation in the next life.
The Buddhist concept not-self (the idea that there is
no permanent or semi-permanent “soul” or “ego” that
occupies aliving being) would seem to pose a barrier
891 Sharia is cognizant of the constraints on human choice in its
accountability system : the traditional
, and with it, for wild and liminal animals
(see above Sec. A). An extreme case of strategically
motivated environmental pollution was, besides the
already mentioned spraying of chemicals in the Vietnam
War, the oil spill in the Gulf region in the course of the
1990/91 war between UN
“Governments should establish a set of millennium
consumption goals for the period 2012-2020 towards
creating an intergenerational and internationally
shared right to equitable consumption opportunities
and ensuring the quality of life and well-being of all
people by 2020
“[d]amage to various agricultural crops
caused by feeding and trampling as well being a threat
to human life”157. The proposal postulates that “elephants
must be able to contribute significant economic value
to the landholder and the economy of Zambia” 158.
Therefore, Zambia demanded “sustainable
the Conservation of
Antarctic Marine Living Resources (CAMLR), 1980, ILM,
Vol. 19 (1980), p. 841.
246 Rüdiger Wolfrum
Protocol on Environmental Protection to the Antarctic
The Antarctic Treaty system constitutes a regime
serving community interests through cooperation. This
sector represents 45 per cent of its total agricultural
activity and provides around 4 million jobs 602.
The food-supplying animals have been bred for
maximum productivity and live only a short fraction
of their natural life span. For example, the estimated 4
Unfinishable Story of Justice”,
International and Comparative Law Quarterly, Vol. 62
(2013), pp. 31-54.
988 A/RES/3201 (S. XV), 1 May 1974.
989 A/RES/3281 (XXIX), 12 December 1974.
990 World Charter for Nature, A/RES/37/7 (note 476).
991 IUCN et al., World Conservation Strategy: Living Resource