roles assigned to the syllable
by researchers in a number of disciplines. Thus, the explananda and
attendant methodologies of concern to this handbook are drawn from
an eclectic array of topics within the language and speech sciences,
while the explananda that motivate the chapters in van der Hulst
of PIE *h2 iu̯-gwih3- ‘life everlasting’,
which Weiss (1994) proposes to be the source of Gk. ὑγιής ‘healthy’, Cypriote
Gk. <u-wa-i-se/za-ne> ὐϝαις ζαν ‘forever and ever’, Lat. iūgis ‘everflowing’, Av.
yauuaējī̆ ‘living forever’, and Goth. ajukdūϸs ‘eternity’. While a reconstructed,
*sliH-. Even if the root
did have a laryngeal, the long vowelmay be due to analogywith other hiatus
verbs rather than directly reflfecting *liH-ie̯/o- (seeOIr. biidp. 103). Therefore,
liim is not good evidence.
§89. *CIHu̯- > *CĬu̯-
1. OIr. béu, béo (o-, ā-stem adj.) ‘living, quick, alive’, MW. byw, MB
Adams, Douglas Q. (1995). Tocharian A āṣtär, B astare ‘clean, pure’ and PIE
*h2ehx(s)- ‘burn’. In W. Smoczyński (ed.), Kuryłowicz Memorial Volume. Part One,
207–211. Krakow: Universitas.
Andersen, Henning (1996). Reconstructing Prehistorical Dialects: Initial Vowels in
Slavic and Baltic
coordination and self-
organization of phonological structures. Bulletin de la Communication Parlée
Brugmann, Karl & Delbrück, Berthold. 1897–1916. Grundriss der vergleichenden
Grammatik der indogermanischen Sprachen I/1–2, II/1–3. Berlin: Strassburg.
Byrd, Andrew Miles. 2010a. Motivating Sievers
creations ... I am called Achiever of Good for
this reason that I achieve good things .'
The second part of the evidence consists of all Avestan forms in which »a
is preserved under conditions which would normally provoke i-mutation of *a:
the nouns "jiiiiiti- 'life' and vass.yaiti- 'going at will ', the
proposes to derive husoiIJaman- from husit(i)- 'good living' , which seems a plausible
18 Except once in Vr 7.3, where K7b has varoitim.
48 The Avestan vowels
• A similar problem is posed by the mountain name viixsorika- in Yt 19.4.
This may be derived from the noun vaxsora- 'mouth' , and thus
Some of these words also occur with an acute tone. In that case they
have a concrete meaning:
12. suris 'cheese'.
13. gyvis 'living creature'.
14. juodis 'black horse'.
15. b eris 'reddish brown horse'.
16. margis 'spotted ox or dog'.
If the root of the adjective from which an adjectival
on January 25th:
—we’d better have a title ready … I was trying with something like “Linguistic Change: Stimuli and Constraints from Structure and Society.” But it might be advisable to get “empirical” into the title, because our interest in living evidence is perhaps as distinctive as anything