society and the poor living conditions in the black communities make South
Africa \-ulnerable to massive instability. There have always been predictions of
re\olution or of instability in the offing, and these loose predictions continue.
Yet, by world standards, South Africa has not been a particularly
special government protection. Furthermore, the low productivity,
associated with traditional labor policies, caused decreased profitability. This
necessitated provisions for a settled, contented workforce. More attention to
the so-called "urban insiders," both in rising wages and concern with living
, there is the increasing temptation to reassert monarchical tenden
cies as a political style, leading to what amounts to "living ancestor" syndromes
in an ethnically heterogeneous political system.
2. Recent events emphasize the obvious fact that despite the political
rhetorics of continental unity
miserable life, squatting on land
in various parts of the island, a great number living near the town.
They are not enumerated, they pay no taxes or rates, they are not
subject to military service, they look down upon the serviçal population
as slaves, and are fond of repeating on all occasions their motto
military rule even earlier. He did not see African armies as being
necessarily motivated by a desire to provide efficient administration.
"There is little evidence to indicate that African armies make better instruments of
'modernization' than their civil servant counterparts. Indeed, all the
Anglophone journalists have all continued unabated.
The government also intensified its crackdown on any event organised by
scholars and activists to foster a feeling of community or to celebrate Anglo-
70 See 'The Untold Story of the All Anglophone Conference', in Cameroon Life, Vol.
undertake not to impose
penalties, on account of their illegal entry or presence
“on refugees, who coming directly from a territory where their life
or freedom was threatened in the sense of Article 1, enter or are present in
their territory without authorization, provided they present themselves
people had expected
better living conditions from the change, but instead they were bit-
Moreover, no working local party organization had been estab-
lished in Cantagalo. Not until 1993, with a scheduled district con-
gress in view, did the PCD-GR begin to build up a local structure
have contested power since independence did
not possess attitudes and values rooted in liberal democratic practices.
Conditioned by its small size and insularity, social and political
life in São Tomé is largely marked by a small town mentality. Among
the small elite most people know each other
far-flung business empire. According to
Faber (1990), Kaiser was motivated to take the Volta River Project
plunge with all its risks because of the promise of cheap power over
a long period and the prospect of owning and operating a smelter
without having to pay more than a small fraction of its costs