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the term biomass [ecology] ) states (p. 1) that, “Biomass is the mass of living biological organisms in a given area or ecosystem at a given time.” Global biomass adds up all the biomass for a particular type of organism. In the table of Global biomass (p. 3), cattle comprise an estimated 520 million

In: The Global Historical and Contemporary Impacts of Voluntary Membership Associations on Human Societies

restricts the possibilities of individuals to provide the conditions for a decent life and existence. 2 Although there are many definitions of poverty, it seems that the most commonly accepted is the one that says poverty is when individuals cannot meet their basic living needs. The definition of poverty

In: Social Security in the Balkans – Volume 2

labor market plays the most significant role in determining citizens’ standard of living and quality of life in every society. Over almost the whole past 30 years of independence, the Croatian economy has been characterized by U-shaped gdp trends, a strong and persistent decline in employment rates

In: Social Security in the Balkans – Volume 1

their new life in a host country, immigrants need assistance in adjusting to the new environment, which motivates them to join associations that could provide information and offer help. After they have established themselves in a new country, they would be more likely to want to connect with and

In: Ethnic/Immigrant Associations and Minorities'/Immigrants' Voluntary Participation

71a1/language-en (accessed May 25, 2020). Own elaboration for serbia. The minimum pension (old-age and disability) stands above absolute poverty line and serves as the main instrument to safeguard a basic standard of living through pension insurance. The farmers’ minimum pension is usually

In: Social Security in the Balkans – Volume 3

facilities that can provide long-term, palliative and end-of-life care (Article 32). The prohibitions on private sector activities remained the same with an explicit ban on them organizing health care activities at the tertiary level (Article 58). The law contains a reference to public–private partnership

In: Social Security in the Balkans – Volume 2

latest data, the percentage of persons in the Republic of North Macedonia who are poor account for 22.1% and this is dominated by persons who are seriously materially deprived, and whose income does not allow them to lead a normal life. 5 North Macedonia has developed a non-functional normative

In: Social Security in the Balkans – Volume 2

Product. The international organizations, such as the World Bank and imf , maintained a close, powerful presence, and continually discouraged electorally-motivated particularistic benefits, 44 and an International Civilian Office ( ico ) – representing the major Western Powers and the EU – monitored

In: Social Security in the Balkans – Volume 3

associational life for the first colonists. Tennant, O’Brien, & Sanders, 2008, p. 3 As in Australia, the sector benefited from English “common law” largely pro- viding an enabling rather than a constraining environment for non-profits. With the added advantage of a unitary state and a more activist government

In: A Review of Third Sector Research in Australia and Aotearoa New Zealand: 1990-2016

have sufficient steady income to maintain a standard of living throughout retirement and reduce the risk of poverty among older people. 4 Public pension schemes contain several features that make social exclusion and poverty less or more likely to occur. Therefore, it is highly important for pension

In: Social Security in the Balkans – Volume 3