raised this possibility on the basis of a suggestion
by a member of the Seruya family still living in Gibraltar, who said that an ancestor
served as Moroccan consul or agent in Gibraltar. The Encyclopaedia Judaica, 2nd edn.
(hereafter EJ2), suggests that some members of the family left Morocco during
she belongs. As a graduate of the faculty of letters, she was concerned with the images that the popular media created of her birthplace and her community. Therefore, she felt motivated to become the voice of her ethnic community and express its concerns as well as the daily life challenges facing its
been motivated by a desire to sow dissention within the Ayyubid family or to remind Saladin of his obligations, finding success through neither. 11
By the spring of 1174, the political landscape had, in some ways, devolved into a familiar tripartite situation. For the Franks, little had changed
the banners had been rightly ordered, he testified, because “[my men] were afraid that [the Oirats] would kill the sultan and put another [that is, a former sultan, Kitbughā, the benefactor of the Oirats, living in exile in distant Ṣarkhad] in his place.” Moreover, he continued, Salār and Baybars
.w-msi҆-sw Mri҆.y-I҆mn.w ḳn m ꜥnḫ
Etymology ( I ): The toponym is a genitive construction between a royal personal name, with an epithet ḳn m ꜥnḫ ‘brave in life’, and the hydrographic term ẖnm.t ‘well’.
Location ( I ): Given the inscription at Umm
Franks in 1163, as part of his shift to a more religious way of life. Likewise, as Nur al-Din gained suzerainty over various cities in the Jazira, culminating with Mosul, he did away with these taxes as part of a broader effort to eliminate certain corrupt practices, while also gathering support from his
determining an emigration motif. This is especially true for Cor 4, 100, which can be read as not only encouraging mobility, but mobilization as well. 46 However, a significant number of the verses mentioning emigration are primarily preoccupied with the circumstances motivating or necessitating the
every one, whether Christian, or Jew,
who worships God, and leads a good Life, will certainly be blessed by God”.6
Muslims, he added, gloried “that whereas all other Nations oppress their
Subjects on account of religious Differences, they allow of an universal
Toleration”.7 It was not a glory of
-confidence to believe that meaningful change can happen if
they work hard enough.
37 insofar as the “average Moroccan” of 1968 could read a novel written in modern
labyrinthine narratives and peripheral intellectuals 229
be solely motivated by living in the best of circumstances. he’s still
purse to buy your next meal, you will have to seek the help of your friends. You will begin to realize that if you have friends, money becomes less and less necessary. By creating alife in common with others, you are able to weather the precariousness of urban living. After the period of violence, five