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Edited by Randall Buth and R. Steven Notley


Hughson T. Ong

In The Multilingual Jesus and the Sociolinguistic World of the New Testament, Hughson Ong provides a study of the multifarious social and linguistic dynamics that compose the speech community of ancient Palestine, which include its historical linguistic shifts under different military regimes, its geographical linguistic landscape, the social functions of the languages in its linguistic repertoire, and the specific types of social contexts where those languages were used. Using a sociolinguistic model, his study attempts to paint a portrait of the sociolinguistic situation of ancient Palestine. This book is arguably the most comprehensive treatment of the subject matter to date in terms of its survey of the secondary literature and of its analysis of the sociolinguistic environment of first-century Palestine.

The Language Environment of First Century Judaea

Jerusalem Studies in the Synoptic Gospels—Volume Two


Edited by Randall Buth and R.Steven Notley

The articles in this collection demonstrate that a change is taking place in New Testament studies. Throughout the twentieth century, New Testament scholarship primarily worked under the assumption that only two languages, Aramaic and Greek, were in common use in the land of Israel in the first century. The current contributors investigate various areas where increasing linguistic data and changing perspectives have moved Hebrew out of a restricted, marginal status within first-century language use and the impact on New Testament studies. Five articles relate to the general sociolinguistic situation in the land of Israel during the first century, while three articles present literary studies that interact with the language background. The final three contributions demonstrate the impact this new understanding has on the reading of Gospel texts.


Samuel L. Adams

attention to the power imbalance between colonial powers and subject peoples, in both ancient and modern contexts. Various studies have highlighted responses to foreign rule, as individuals and groups negotiate the changes that result from subjugation. Such inquiries frequently emphasize the perspectives of


Matthew Goff

opposites that took place in the primordial past is resolved ultimately in the eschatological future. Lévi-Strauss and the Structuralist Study of Myth When scholars call a text (oral or written) a myth, they often, despite the variety of opinions on the subject, stress a few key points. 5 (1) While a myth


Alison Schofield

certainly at play with the penal code here. The organization and training of bodies is tantamount to the control of individuals, or as may be stated: “Get hold of their bodies—their hearts and minds will follow.” 16 Of his nineteenth century subjects of study, Foucault notes that “[t]he workshop, the


Reinhard G. Kratz

be expected in the reconstruction of textual formation—of course, always subject to the proviso that it is a hypothesis. In particular, the numerous subtle reformulations in the Qumran examples, which would not be recognised without knowledge of the Vorlage , urge us to analyse the biblical texts in