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., & Harackiewicz, J. M. (2001). Achievement goals and optimal motivation: Testing multiple goal models. Journal of Personality & Social Psychology, 80(5), 706–722. doi: 10.1037/0022– 3514.80.5.706 Bong, M. (2005). Within-grade changes in korean girls’ motivation and perceptions of the learning environment

In: New Voices in Norwegian Educational Research

Avendano, S., Woolliams, J.A. and Villanueva, B., 2004. Mendelian sampling terms as a selective advantage in optimum breeding schemes with restrictions on the rate of inbreeding. Genetical Research 83: 55

In: Genomic management of animal genetic diversity

. 10.1006/anbe.1999.1149 Kause , A. , Haukioja , E. & Hanhimäki , S. ( 1999 ). Phenotypic plasticity in foraging behavior of sawfly larvae . — Ecology 80 : 1230 - 1241 . 10.1890/0012-9658(1999)080[1230:PPIFBO]2.0.CO;2 Kay , A. ( 2002 ). Applying optimal foraging theory to

In: Behaviour

capital and search for new financing resources whenever outside investment options become available. Classical finance literature has provided two main theories to study the determinants of optimal capital structure within businesses – the trade-off theory and pecking order theory. A preference to use

and carotenoid content in silkworm ( Bombyx mori ) pupae. Animals 9: 103. Clark, L.R., Geier, P.W., Hughes, R.D. and Morris, R.F., 1967. The ecology of insect populations in theory and practice. Methuen & Co. Ltd., London, UK. The ecology of insect populations in

In: Journal of Insects as Food and Feed

Psychology, 62(2), 281–291. doi: 10.1037/0022-3514.62.2.281 Centers, R. (1975). Sexual attraction and love: an instrumental theory. Springfield, IL: C.C. Thomas. Chambers, V.J., Christiansen, J.R., & Kunz, P.R. (2010). Physiognomic homogamy: a test of physical similarity as a factor in the mate selection

In: Many Faces of Love

. The Past Negative and Present Fatalistic relate to worse attitudes, whereas the Past Positive and Present Hedonistic are related to more positive moods. Time Perspective Theory can be related to the context of mental health and psychiatry. Studies show that various mental health issues result in

In: Timing & Time Perception

.A. ( 1930 ). The genetical theory of natural selection . — Clarendon , Oxford . 10.5962/bhl.title.27468 Grafen , A. ( 1990 ). Sexual selection unhandicapped by the Fisher process . — J. Theor. Biol. 144 : 473 - 516 . . 10.1016/S0022

In: Behaviour

higher level of SWB than those with lower BTP. To estimate the distance between the ‘optimal BTP’ and the ‘subject’s BTP’, previous studies have suggested to measure the deviation from the optimal BTP. The DBTP represents the distance between an individual’s actual time perspective and the optimal time

In: Timing & Time Perception

correctly is seen as a key skill for teachers and future teachers (Shepard, 2006). However, at the same time, a number of studies have shown that teachers’ judgments of student performance frequently do not meet the criteria of measurement theory such as reliability and validity, but seem to be rather

In: Teachers’ Professional Development