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. ab. 776 Visser, Marianna W.: Definiteness and specificity in the Xhosa determiner phrase. – (646), 295-314. 777 Vos, Mark de; Mitchley, Hazel: Subject marking and preverbal coordination in Sesotho : a perspective from optimality theory. – SALALS 30/2, 2012, 155-170. 778 Zeller, Jochen: Argument

In: A Bibliography of South African Languages, 2008-2017

, Chapters 4–6 use different working models to present research on various aspects of L2 acquisition of Mandarin tones. Chapter 5 presents quantitative research in which Optimality Theory ( OT , Prince and Smolensky 1993) serves to model the unconscious tonal knowledge that underlies L2 tonal productions

In: Second Language Acquisition of Mandarin Chinese Tones

, Charles F. 1968 . The State of the Art . The Hague : Mouton . Hoffmann , Thomas and Graeme Trousdale (eds.). 2013 . The Oxford Handbook of Construction Grammar . Oxford : Oxford University Press . Holt , D. Eric . 2015 . Historical Sound Change in Optimality Theory: Achievements

In: New Directions for Historical Linguistics

Pittsburgh (Ceria 1993). In the 1990s several papers on Selayarese syntax were written by Daniel Finer from SUNY Stony Brook (Finer 1994, 1996, 1997a, 1997b, 1998, 1999). They are mostly written from a Principles and Parameters viewpoint, some from an Optimality Theory perspective. Occasionally he presents

In: A Grammar of Makasar

(1969). Abtönungspartikel. Die deutschen Modalwörter und ihre französischen Entsprechungen . Bad Homburg: Gehlen. Zeevat, Henk (2003). Particles: presupposition triggers, context markers or speech act markers. In Reinhard Blutner & Henk Zeevat eds., Optimality theory and pragmatics , 91

In: Secondary Content

so far. Vaysmann (2009) and de Lacy (2004) analyse Nganasan word stress within an Optimality Theory framework and assume a primary word-level stress. Both rely on Helimski (1994a, 1998) in their work. In contrast to previous descriptions, Gordon (2016) reanalyses the stress and assumes a phrasal

In: A Grammar of Nganasan


Recently, questions have become a very prominent topic at the semantics-pragmatics interface. A wide range of papers on the semantics and pragmatics of natural language as well as discourse structure have been published that – in some way or another – use or presuppose important assumptions about questions. With this background, this paper provides a comprehensive overview of the recent literature concerning the semantics and pragmatics of questions. In particular, the paper provides a short introduction to the formal semantic analysis of questions and it gives an overview and critical evaluation of the main topics of current research on questions at the semantics-pragmatics interface. The central purpose of this overview is to make it easier for readers to access current research on the semantics and pragmatics of question, information structure and discourse structure, projection and at-issueness as well as the semantics and pragmatics of discourse particles, and to situate these within the current state-of-the-art in question research. We expect this overview to be of particular use to scholars new to the field, but because of its wide coverage of empirical phenomena and analytical tools, the overview should provide useful for experts in the field as well.

In: Questions in Discourse