Search Results

Author: Adam Oberlin

1. General Three issues of NJL appeared in 2015 with a total of 11 research articles, including: Ito Junko and Armin Mester, ‘The Perfect Prosodic Word in Danish’ (5–36), on Danish stød through the lens of Optimality Theory and as a means to determine the aspects of a perfect prosodic word

In: The Year’s Work in Modern Language Studies
Author: Jesse Lundquist

idýll-ic, Miltón-ic, titán-ic etc.; he handles this in a constraint-based approach, appealing to a high ranking of faithfulness in the phonology (more specifically of metrical faithfulness in the stem-level constraint hierarchy countenanced in his framework, Stratal Optimality Theory

In: Indo-European Linguistics

contrast. In Joan Bybee and Paul J. Hopper (eds.), Frequency Effects and the Emergence of Linguistic Structure , 137–158. Amsterdam: John Benjamins. Piggott, Glyne L. 1980. Aspects of Odawa Morphophonemics . New York: Garland Publishing. Prince, Alan and Paul Smolensky. 2004. Optimality Theory . Oxford

In: Language Dynamics and Change

(2001) both propose explanations for this fact. On Jebbour 1996, 1999, see DE02:122–132. Bensoukas’s (2001) thoughtful work contains a serious attempt to provide a unified account of imperfective stem formation in Tashlhiyt. This account, which is couched in the framework of Optimality Theory, analyzes

In: Brill's Journal of Afroasiatic Languages and Linguistics
Author: Martin Orwin

based on the restrictive foot typology of Kager (1993) and optimality theory as presented in Prince and Smolensky (1993). Part of this approach is representing different levels of constituency in the line. The lowest level is the ‘metrical position’. The sequence of metrical positions is then structured

In: Brill's Journal of Afroasiatic Languages and Linguistics

Optimality Theory ( OT ; Prince and Smolensky 1993/2004). The basic gemination pattern is analyzed in 4.3.1; I then proceed in 4.3.2 to the exceptional non-gemination of pre-stop voiceless stops and show that it can be neatly captured in OT as a blocking effect. 4.3.1 Deriving gemination of voiceless

In: Indo-European Linguistics
Author: Wolfgang Owka

analysis, presumably because this would threaten the basic assumptions of optimality theory itself (for discussion see MAYNARD SMITH, 1978). How can we test whether a given behaviour is optimal or not? First, the terms adaptive and optimal should be defined at least preliminarily. According to SIH (1980

In: Behaviour

time are qualitatively simi- lar in S. jarrovii and other lizards, suggest- ing that optimality theory can successfully pre- dict these aspects of antipredatory behavior in diverse lizard lineages despite major ecologi- cal differences. The predictions have been con- firmed for terrestrial and

In: Amphibia-Reptilia
Author: Innes Cuthill

behavioural ecology as a whole (the most famous being Gould and Lewontin, 1979) and specific components of the research programme, such as optimality theory (e.g. Pierce and Ollason, 1987). What these attacks fail to do is suggest plausible alternative methods for determining function. So yes, determining

In: Animal Biology

employed in recent typological world on the syllable” (64). Whoever may want to explain this state of affairs by invoking decreolization should know that I have found no historical data in support of this hypothesis ( Mufwene 1994 ). In the next chapter, Eric Russell Webb applies Optimality Theory to

In: Journal of Language Contact