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Michael J. Horan and Kenyon N. Griffin

Protestant Missionaries as Change Agents in East Africa: The Impact of Religious Orthodoxy KENYON N. GRIFFIN AND MICHAEL J. HORAN The University of Wyoming, Laramie, U. S. A. ABSTRACT This paper examines the relationship between religious beliefs and the role orientations of a sample of

Beth Ann Williams

with church-related activities and come alive in conversations about religion and spirituality. I wanted to understand why women invested so heavily in Christian organizations, especially the Protestant, missionary-founded churches that have historically been a deeply patriarchal force in East African

Philip C. Aka

That assessment turned out to be precipitate. Uganda is a country in East Africa of about 39 million people as of 2015. 12 It is a country hemmed in by Kenya in the East, Rwanda in the West, Africa’s newest nation South Sudan in the North, and the Democratic Republic of the Congo (formerly Zaïre) as

STEIN KRISTIANSEN and ANNE RYEN

AND Introduction A business environment creates opportunities and barriers to entrepreneur- ship and commercial progress. The East African business environment has generally been characterised as hindering, more than facilitating entrepre- neurial endeavours throughout most of the post

Gijsbert Oonk

South Asians in East Africa (1880-1920) with a Particular Focus on Zanzibar: Toward a Historical Explanation of Economic Success of a Middlemen Minority G IJSBERT O ONK * A BSTRACT The main object of this article is to falsify the common his- torical portrait of South Asians in Zanzibar and

Chris Maina Peter and Chris Maina Peter

© Koninklijke Brill NV, Leiden, 2007 DOI: 10.1163/156921007X237007 Th e Magic Wand in Making Constitutions Endure in Africa: Anything (Lessons) to Learn from East Africa? Chris Maina Peter 1 Department of International Law, Faculty of Law, University of Dar es Salaam, P.O. Box 35093, Dar es

Fernando Diez-Martín, Manuel Domínguez-Rodrigo, Policarpo Sánchez, Audax Z.P. Mabulla, Antonio Tarriño, Rebeca Barba, Mary E. Prendergast and Luis de Luque

Recent re-excavation of Mumba Rockshelter unearthed an unbiased lithic sample from Bed V. Technological analysis has permitted a reinterpretation of the so-called Mumba Industry, a transitional industry between Middle and Later Stone Ages originally defined by Mehlman (1989). Our data confirm Mehlman’s observation that the “evolutionary” markers in Mumba Bed V are basically typological. However, our study differs from his in that we classify all of Bed V as LSA based on the combined analyses of typology and technology in our excavated assemblage. From a technological perspective, no changes have been observed throughout the sequence, and continuity is the main technological characteristic of the series. The only transitional marker from Lower through Upper Bed V is the appearance of the geometric crescent in the latter, taking into account that microliths exist throughout the sequence. This evidence casts some doubts on previous interpretations and underscores the need to recover a larger sample using modern excavation techniques. It also stresses the need to define the MSA/LSA transition in better terms, combining techno-typological criteria.

Susana Salvaterra Trovão and Filomena Batoréu

entrepreneurs migrated from Gujarat and settled in the British colonies and protectorates of East Africa, South Africa, and the Portuguese colony of Mozambique during the second half of the nineteenth century. Under Aga Khan III’s guidance from 1893 onwards and continued through the twenty century, new ethics 3

Manuel Domínguez-Rodrigo, Fernando Díez-Martín, Audax Mabulla, Luis Luque, Luis Alcalá, Antonio Tarriño, José Antonio López-Sáez, Rebeca Barba and Pastory Bushozi

Ongoing archaeological research at North Lake Eyasi has produced a wealth of information, including a new hominid fossil and several archaeological sites dating to the end of the Middle Pleistocene. One of the sites (WB9) has been excavated and has produced evidence of multiple processes in its formation, including evidence of functional associations of stone tools and faunal remains which are scarce for this time period. The stone tool industry is based on a core and flake industry, which is not very diagnostic and attributed to MSA. Earlier heavy-duty tools classified as Sangoan may derive from the underlying Eyasi Beds. The stratigraphic provenience of previous fossil hominids is unknown. Surface collections from the Eyasi lake, thus, comprise two different sets of stone tools and fossils, which can only be clearly differentiated in the field. This advises against the use of previously curated collections as a homogeneous sample. Earlier definitions of the Njarasa industry should be revised. This work presents results on the paleoecology of the area and of its paleontological and archaeological information, with special reference to the excavation of WB9, the most complete site discovered in the area so far. This contributes to the limited information available about site functionality and hominid subsistential behaviour in East Africa during the end of the Middle Pleistocene. A technological study from WB9 also shows the variability of stone tool traditions at this time.

Lucy Mair

This little book contains the papers given at a summer school held in 1962 by the British Institute of History and Archaeology in East Africa. Even in the field of archaeology four years is long enough to necessitate editorial addenda to bring some of them up to date; indeed archaeology in