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Carter Vaughn Findley

equates the Arabic names of the three “parts” above with i‘tiqadat, ‘ibadat , and mu‘amelat . 27 The first term, i‘tiqadat , comes from the same Arabic root as al-Nasafi’s title, ‘Aqa’id , both terms signifying matters of faith and belief. ‘Ibadat is the normal term for the obligatory acts of

Series:

Carter Vaughn Findley

the origins of the Quraysh, the tribe of Muhammad, and adding to his genealogy the succession to leadership in the Muslim community. As noted, the belief that Selim I acquired the caliphate upon the conquest of Cairo in 1517 is wrong as history. As Ottoman dynastic propaganda, however, the

Joan Faust

in light of Early Modern theories of sleep and “not to sleep” indicates that Donne’s work not only documents his own personal sufferings and anxiety about liminal states but also illustrates Early Modern beliefs about insomnia, its causes, and even its benefits. Insomnia was not a temporary and

John Garrison and Kyle Pivetti

disdain, and disdain has brought forth such strife and debates, such suits of law, such quarrelling and contentions, as never heard in any age before us.” 21 These writers share a belief in the cyclical nature of war and peace, where the drive to build nations, bolster pride, and realize economic

Adrienne L. Eastwood

Butler argues, “The presumption of a binary gender system implicitly retains the belief in a mimetic relation of gender to sex whereby gender mirrors sex or is otherwise restricted by it. When the constructed status of gender is theorized as radically independent of sex, gender itself becomes a free

Barbara A. Kaminska

musical aptitude, could learn to sing or play the flute, while the elderly and the infirm could perform light tasks, according to their strength. 26 The very creation of the Tuchthuys at the end of the century was inspired by those new approaches to poverty, and the belief that sloth leads to crime

Kenneth Connally

the soul could possibly survive in the air outside the body without immediately dissolving. The notion of the soul as a kind of wind, air, or breath is of course very ancient—the original meaning of Hebrew ruach , Greek psyche , and Latin anima —and not necessarily incompatible with belief in an

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Lotte Hellinga

Laurentius fuerat usus, prodisse in lucem certum est Alexandri Galli doctrinale, quae Grammatica celeberrimo tunc in usu erat, cum Petri Hispani tractatibus …’ 29 The work of recent decades has developed insights which may help to reconcile these traditionally opposed beliefs about the origin of printing

Series:

Lotte Hellinga

balance of probabilities favours supporting Husung’s belief that the two snippets are part of a planning exercise – or as he put it, ‘a survey, or reconnaissance into materials that to some extent do not belong together as subject matter’. 61 However, this notion is challenged by the surviving leaves of