, as an academic discipline is advancing methodologically and conceptually, there are limitations to the current body of work. In order to develop our understanding of individuals’ lived experiences of celebrity and fandom there has been a call to expand the discipline towards studies that focus on the
potential for contact in the roller derby scene can enable greater analysis of interactional dynamics and power relations present in fan and celebrity encounters, elements which are typically methodologically problematic in studies of global, mass-mediated celebrity formations.” 14 Her chapter helps us
methodology that provided a critique of
and corrective for the universalizing tendencies of Enlightenment
reason, negative realism can be read as a response to the authoritarian
logic of Western realism, a way of looking at the dominant
mechanism of realism from a reverse angle. Though apparently far
within literary studies, which is based on
the acknowledgement of literature as a strong force in the development
of national thought, has been crucial since its inception and
methodological development in France and in Germany from 1950s on,
when Hugo Dyserinck and the Aachen School developed
Vietnamese Youth in New Orleans,” in The New Second
Generation, ed. Alejandro Portes (New York: Russell Sage Foundation, 1996):
——, & James V. Gatewood, ed. Contemporary Asian America: A Multidisciplinary
Reader (New York: New York UP, 2000).
Zhou, Xiaojing. “Critical Theories and Methodologies
develops through a middle voice or by a "posture that is neither subjective not objective, neither that of
social scientist with a methodology and a theory nor that of the poet intent upon expressing a personal reac-
tion" (White Figural Realism, p. 37). What I think is most important about working in
Samuel, Maurice.  1973. The World of Sholom Aleichem. London:
Sánchez-Eppler, Karen. 2005. Dependent States. The Child’s Part in
Nineteenth-Century American Culture. Chicago and London: University
of Chicago Press.
Sandis, Dominique. 2004. ‘Proposing a Methodology for the
details of common experience (Borus 1989: 21, 14).
The compilation of facts about the external world set the bases for the
formulation of laws; the concrete and the verifiable—the material
world as opposed to the abstract—“constituted” reality. “Only through
conscientious adherence to a methodology
resistance to Euro-American dominance in
40 Chance, Formless in Form, 1.
41 Xiaojing Zhou, “Critical Theories and Methodologies in Asian American Literary
Studies,” in Form and Transformation in Asian American Literature, ed. Xiaojing
Zhou & Samina Najmi
language remain such a politically charged element
of mass and avant-garde culture, in both national and global cultures?
To consider the vexed field of multilingual cultural production, I
turn to the interdisciplinary methodology of translation theory because
it has developed a set of useful analytic