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, Buckner 2014 , Andrews 2012 , Martin & Santos 2016 ). 2.2 Minimal Approaches One motivation to search for arguments for mentalistic interpretations is to account for finer-grained differences which are lost if a whole class of anticipation abilities is described as behavior-reading. I do not deny that

In: Grazer Philosophische Studien

The recent “ethical turn” in the study of Islamic law has directed much attention to the cultivation of “virtuous passions” as central to the project of the classical Sharīʿa. This model has been particularly salient in the study of normative rituals, and some scholars have extended it to encompass much broader social and disciplinary aspects of the ideal Sharʿī order. The present paper focuses on the concept of ḥayāʾ (shame), understood as the fear of moral or social disapprobation, which is arguably the affective trait Muslim thinkers saw as most fundamental to proper social functioning and adherence to the law. The article compares the treatment of ḥayāʾ in ethical and legal works of scholars of the Shāfiʿī legal school in the 11th to early 12th centuries and argues that works of substantive law pursued a deliberately minimal approach to the role of affect.

In: Journal of Law, Religion and State

results are presented in an essentially similar form. The aim of the experiment was to determine how close together two chickens could feed before agonistic behavior developed (i.e. to determine the minimal approach distance). 260 Material I and methods. Observations were made on two established

In: Behaviour

that revolu- tionary orientations would be significant in either country. Rather they are almost certain to have a mix of the other two rationales, with Sweden favoring greater public involvement or reform, and the United States tending toward a somewhat minimal approach or maintenance (Dunlop

In: International Journal of Comparative Sociology

struggle was to adopt a very minimal approach to editing the huge amount of material that I had to work with, following mostly the guidelines of the National Commission for the text and the philological apparatus, and only including the most essential of the footnotes with ancient sources—both epigraphical

In: Pirro Ligorio’s Worlds

, indicating that males have the ability to discriminate between a familiar, often shared neighbour song and an unshared stranger one (Table 3). Table 3. Variance explained by the first factor of a PCA, loading factors of three behavioural measures (the minimal approach distance, the time spent within

In: Behaviour

Armenia-Azerbaijan border, the 1994 ceasefire basically held firm until April 2016, lending support for such a minimal approach. Current Multi-faceted Mediation Support Structure Today 5 distinct components comprise the osce Minsk Process mediation effort for Nagorno-Karabakh: 1 osce

In: Security and Human Rights

from the public agencies (CNPq and other financing agencies). Notwithstanding, the programs did not minimally approach the results required for the related undergraduate programs. Even though the area presented low enrollment rates in relation to the population, it suffered from massive evasions. This

In: Science Education Research in Latin America

approach reflects a minimal approach to equality, linking ‘equity’ to formal equality of opportunity, but not necessarily equality of participation or equality of outcome. For the wdr (and unlike the approach to equality in the Declaration), equity is not a value or a goal with intrinsic value. Instead

In: International Organizations Law Review

forces us to be more modest in our ambitions. A minimal approach is advocated, which attempts to temper high expectations and better to connect with the relative autonomy of children and their rights, and the responsibility of parents in this regard, while preventing excessive government interference

In: The International Journal of Children's Rights