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Paula Torreiro Pazo

This essay deals with the multilayered trope of food in two autobiographical works published in 2005, Diana Abu-Jaber’s The Language of Baklava and Leslie Li’s Daughter of Heaven. Both works are considered “food memoirs” and, as the very term indicates, culinary rituals, commensality, recipes, and other food-related matters constitute the backbone of the narration. Abu-Jaber and Li use food as a vehicle for the exploration of memories of past events, as well as for the analysis of issues such as ethnicity, racism, identity and community. The fact that both works feature first and second generation members of ethnic groups in the United States—Arab Americans in the case of Abu-Jaber, and Chinese Americans in the case of Li— invites the “trans-ethnic” study of the two memoirs, which, surprisingly enough, present many stylistic and thematic similarities.

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Rachel Ihara and Jaime Cleland

This chapter argues that comparative analyses of autobiographical works by ethnic writers typically fail to consider the extent to which minority autobiographies emphasize issues of authorship and artistry. Examination of the autobiographical writing of two early-twentieth-century writers—the Native American writer ZitkalaŠa and the Chinese American writer Sui Sin Far—suggests that both writers sought to present themselves in their autobiographical texts as legitimate American authors, and not only as complex ethnic subjects. Although their autobiographic essays do not conform to typical narratives of the acquisition of literacy, both writers emphasize early experiences of storytelling and childhood encounters with art in order to construct unique yet fully intelligible identities as ethnic American authors. Their shared preoccupation with issues of artistry thus points to a promising area for further investigation into inter-ethnic American life writing.

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José Liste Noya

The doublings of memory and writing are shared themes and motifs in the autobiographical writings of two New Yorkers, Samuel R. Delany and Paul Auster, two writers whose writings are otherwise very distinct in style, reach and critical reception. The marginalized writer of consciously marginal “paraliterature,” as Delany calls his science-fiction and other genre experiments, contrasts with the increasingly acclaimed critical and popular favourite, Paul Auster. These distinctions, however, are precisely what allow their shared concerns in their memoirs to stand out, revealing two highly self-conscious writers who employ the autobiographical in ways that question the very discursive and genre conventions that enable the generic stereotyping their writings contest, implicitly or explicitly. In a context we could label as postmodern, their autobiographical writings constitute discursive doublings that explore the formal and thematic constraints of this particular textual mode, one that resists determinate generic classification. They both exploit the the dual temporal and thematic articulation that autobiography relies on—the oscillation between past and present, life and writing—in order to respect more fully the very notion of the autobiographical as experience in writing and writing as experience. The writing of memory and the memory which is writing here double each other in ways that are not always symmetrical and that foreground the skewed relationship that exists between the two. Seeking to authorize their own writing, to father their own discourse, they both resolve that impossibility, in a mode that can never catch up to its presumed objective, the coincidence of life and writing, by recognizing the role of the reader as metaphorically, the ‘son’ who fathers the ‘father’. The experience of autobiography ultimately exists for the reader, an experience of reading that calls upon its own memory, thus doubling in turn the double narrative which is autobiography itself.

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Fabio Luis Barbosa dos Santos

analysis of the progressive wave, in order to answer questions of political relevance for the present and for the future. This contribution is organized around chapters addressing each South American country, including those that have not identified with progressivism, with the exception of Uruguay. This

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Fabio Luis Barbosa dos Santos

, the left, with the socialist Salvador Allende as its candidate, was defeated by a small margin in the presidential elections of 1958. 1 It was amid the rise of the left that the Chilean Christian Democracy (DC) was founded in 1957, presenting itself as an alternative to conservatism but with

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Fabio Luis Barbosa dos Santos

sugarcane plantations which were associated with overexploitation of labor. At present, the state is trying to incentivize with high rates of profit, in addition to the possibility of building homes and other benefits. It is assumed that the announced constitutional reform will replace the practice of

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Fabio Luis Barbosa dos Santos

operation as well as their alleged disarmament. At present, the links between the state, paramilitaries and drug trafficking have shaped the phenomenon known as parapolitics. Moderate estimates indicate that one-third of the country’s parliamentarians, including the senator and president from 2002 to 2010

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Fabio Luis Barbosa dos Santos

radical political response at a time when the left was in disarray. To paraphrase Trotsky, Fujimorism, a traumatic response to a traumatic situation, established the foundations of present-day Peru. 3 In contrast to other countries in the region, the neoliberal clash in Peru was associated with a regime

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Fabio Luis Barbosa dos Santos

the present for the renewed exploitation of natural resources, where indigenous and peasant resistance joins the environmentalist argument in pressing for an alternative pattern of development. As in Bolivia, these ideals converged, albeit diffusely, on the notion of ‘ Sumak Kawsay ’ or ‘Living Well

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Fabio Luis Barbosa dos Santos

Brazilian mercantile expansion was civil construction, a sector that did business in all Latin American countries, from Colombia to Cuba as well as in other parts of the world, especially in Portuguese Africa. Odebrecht, a corporation that symbolizes this trend, presented the city of Lima with a replica of