The prefectural judge in the provincial judiciary of late-Ming China was a powerful post responsible for maintaining the quality of justice. Under the mutual, multi-layered and open review system of the Ming judiciary, when reviewing court cases the prefectural judges could even challenge the
prefectural judges, were a new type of publication developed from the specific legal, educational, and official instating arrangements of Ming China. In this chapter, the development of the Chinese casebooks up to the publication of the main foci of this study, namely, the Mengshui zhai cundu and the Zheyu
institutional conditions mentioned above, the introduction in the late Wanli era of the reformed pan 判, or judicial ruling, section in the second paper of the civil service examination also played a significant role in the emergence of judicial casebooks in late-Ming China.
After some struggle to determine
the accuser, who was often advised by litigation masters proficient at seizing the attention and sympathy of the judge and other potential readers.
Incidentally, the twenty cases presented here show us an authentic and representative picture of maritime society on the Chinese coast in the early
and literary styles.
The key question underlying this study is how judicial practice of the courts of prefectural judges and the legal interactions among different levels of official-judges of the provincial judiciary in late-Ming China were demonstrated in the era’s judicial casebooks, with
addition, the interactions among the regional inspectors, other superior provincial officials, and the prefectural judges with regard to the quality of justice in the provinces will be explored.
Development of the tuiguan Post in Late Imperial China
Unfortunately, not a single reference to the
general public had begun to develop a close interest in legal affairs and court cases, both for practical purposes and for amusement, probably marking the first time in Chinese history that both the literati and a general readership showed a keen interest in reading judicial literature. An unprecedented