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Author: Lutz Edzard

Many phonetic and phonological observations can be conveniently recast in terms of theories of linguistic preference and natural generative phonology (cf. Hooper 1976), notably in terms of the approach of Vennemann (1983, 1988), which was applied to Semitic by Edzard (1991). Optimality Theory

Author: Nina Topintzi

assumption that CL is all about mora conservation (cf. Hayes 1989 and several others) — their deletion should not induce lengthening. Second, CL is an instance of opacity, and opacity is the single biggest conundrum that Optimality Theory faces. This paper addresses both issues and suggests that CL should

In: Journal of Greek Linguistics
Author: Edzard, Lutz

Many phonetic and phonological observations can be conveniently recast in terms of theories of linguistic preference and natural generative phonology. Optimality Theory, originally proposed by Prince and Smolensky (1993), offers a formal means of capturing the ‘constraint ranking’ implicit in the

This entry will show how Optimality Theory (OT hereafter; Prince and Smolensky 1993) may be applied to the phonology of Modern Hebrew, treating the spirantization of the bgdkpt consonants as a case study. Modern Hebrew spirantization is characterized by alternation in pronunciation of the

Author: Jessica DeLisi

clusters are smaller than syllables, the SSP is not reduced to a mere tendency (Keydana, 2012: 103). However, Keydana has formulated his analysis in Optimality Theory ( OT ), a major tenet of which is that all constraints are potentially violable, therefore violations of the SSP are predicted to be

In: Indo-European Linguistics
Author: Lotte Hogeweg

This paper argues that interpretations are fine-grained and that, to come to a full understanding of meaning, it is important to find out more about how such detailed interpretations are derived. As a first step towards answering this question it is insightful to look at the interpretation of metaphors. Psycholinguistic experiments have shown that the interpretation of metaphors involves the suppression of irrelevant or incompatible features. These studies could be taken as an indication against the common view that word meanings are underspecified and enriched in a context. In contrast with this underspecification view, this paper suggests a view of the lexicon in which words come with very rich semantic representations. When two representations are combined, a conflict may arise when elements of the representations are incompatible. This paper argues that such a conflict is best analyzed in Optimality Theory. The optimization process of combining rich lexical representations is illustrated with an analysis of the adjective-noun combination stone lion.

In: International Review of Pragmatics

phonological requirements. Such analyses may be interpreted as supporting Optimality Theory, with its violable constraints and intermingling of morphology and phonology. 1 ‘Al-kitab’ is a comprehensive study about Standard Arabic that deals with different phonological issues. 2 One reason we use [ RTR ] is

In: Brill's Journal of Afroasiatic Languages and Linguistics
Author: Karim Bensoukas

-eastern dialects (Tarifiyt, Iznassen and Figuig). Adopting a constraint-based approach using Optimality Theory ( OT ) as a main framework (Prince and Smolensky, 1993/2004; McCarthy and Prince, 1993a, 1995, 1999; Kager, 1999; McCarthy, 2002, 2007, 2008 and others), we will be building up on the work in Bensoukas

In: Brill's Journal of Afroasiatic Languages and Linguistics
In: Stressing the past
Author: Lionel Mathieu

phonological representations can be substantially unstable at the onset of their creation, a condition not considered in previous installments of Optimality Theory. Let us now turn to the nature of the evaluation process. Given a single input, CON evaluates a set of output candidates along faithfulness and

In: Journal of Language Contact