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Dennis Dijkzeul

In which ways do UN organizations carry out their multilateral development cooperation individually, as well as in cooperation with other organizations? This study answers this question from a public- management perspective. Such a perspective has rarely been used in the study of international organizations. In particular, the theoretical topics of governance, program management, and coordination in and among UN organizations are reviewed. More research on management may lead to adaptations within the UN system or information which will neutralize ill-founded criticism. An improved understanding of the internal functioning of UN organizations may enhance their efficiency and impact. Moreover, sometimes member states have such high expectations that the UN system cannot live up to them. In this way, UN members regulate their own disappointments with the UN system. A critical assessment of the limitations under which the UN organizations operate may prevent some of these high hopes and thus forestall some member state dissatisfaction.
This study deals in particular with the United Nations Populations Fund (UNFPA) and the United Nations Children's Fund (UNICEF), and their coordinated behaviour in the Joint Consultative Group on Policy (JCGP). This work will interest and be useful for managers in multilateral organizations and academics studying the functioning of these organizations.

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United Nations

Fully indexed, the 1995 edition of the Yearbook is the single most current, comprehensive and authoritative reference publication about the work of the United Nations, other international organizations and related bodies. The book is designed not just for use by diplomats, officials and scholars but also by other researchers, writers, journalists, teachers and students.
The year 1995 was a remarkably eventful one for the United Nations and in the conduct of international relations. This volume of the Yearbook details the activities of the United Nations, its many organs, agencies and programmes, working together to rekindle a new form of multilateral cooperation for a better world. It records the diverse and globe-encompassing activities of the United Nations and its enduring efforts to deal with the world's pressing concerns, particularly matters of international peace and security, disarmament, human rights, the settlement of regional conflicts, economic and social development, the preservation of the environment, control of drugs and narcotic substance abuse, crime prevention, adequate shelter, youth and the ageing and humanitarian assistance for refugees as well as disaster relief.

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Edited by Malgosia Fitzmaurice and Duncan French

The book analyzes the question of legitimacy and efficacy of certain organs created on the basis of Multilateral Environmental Agreements, i.e. Conferences and Meetings of the Parties. It analyzes their structure, new developments and collaborative efforts regarding the powers of these bodies in achieving desired goals of environmental protection.

Contributors are: Michael Bowman, Edward J. Goodwin, Peter G.G. Davies, Feja Lesniewska and Philippe Cullet

The OSCE in the Maintenance of Peace and Security

Conflict Prevention, Crisis Management and Peaceful Settlement of Disputes

Edited by Michael Bothe, Natalino Ronzitti and Allan Rosas

Collected Writings of Sir Robert Jennings

Foreword by Professor Georges Abi-Saab

Sir Robert Y. Jennings

Too often the doors to a brilliant mind remain locked to outsiders. A lack of desire to share one's range of experience or the inability to clearly and concisely articulate that experience keeps some of the most important ideas and significant knowledge hidden from public view.
The Collected Writings of Sir Robert Jennings represents one of those rare moments when that door is unlocked. Sir Robert Jennings - the universally renowned scholar, professor and judge - not only is willing to share his ideas on a wide spectrum of important issues in international law but also is a master at conveying these ideas clearly, economically, and with a subtlety and precision that makes his work timeless.
This full, important collection represents the whole range of Sir Robert Jennings's intellectual concerns. Its coverage includes: - the General Course he gave at the Hague Academy in 1968, offering insight into his pedagogic style and a taste of his teaching at Cambridge and other institutions; - essays on the ICJ and the judicial function generally; - essays on jurisdictional questions, addressing numerous functional and spatial dimensions of jurisdiction; and - essays that globally evaluate international law and its evolution. As a whole, the Collected Writings of Sir Robert Jennings offers readers a thought-provoking, inspirational picture of international law and its evolution over the critical past years. The work has a 'rare quality . . . there is no belabouring of the obvious, no over-elaboration of details which the reader can work out for himself' (Professor Georges Abi-Saab, from the Foreword). No international law library, institutional or private, should be without this fascinating volume.

The Rule of Law in International Affairs

International Law at the Fiftieth Anniversary of the United Nations

Series:

Ian Brownlie

This volume consists of a carefully edited version of the General Course on Public International Law delivered at the Hague Academy of International Law to commemorate the fiftieth anniversary of the foundation of the United Nations. The author brings to them not only his background of academic distinction, but his experience as a practitioner concerned with major international legal issues.
The rule of law in international affairs is a question of perennial concern but it is of greater moment these days for a number of reasons. The active agenda of the Security Council and its relative solidarity creates a paradox. Its increased political power is a source of hope but the modalities of the exercise of power present problems of principle and of legal concern. Another area of concern is the International Court, which has had a successful record since the early eighties and provides one of the guarantees of the maintenance of legality. Recent successes of the Court include the effective resolution of the territorial dispute between Chad and Libya. The general level of compliance with its decisions by States is impressive. Yet its success is matched not by encouragement and enhancement of its facilities but by United Nations financial constraints which hinder its work and, ultimately, may threaten its independence in relation to the political organs of the United Nations.

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M.C. Zwanenburg

Quis custodiet ipsos custodies? In other words, who guards the guardians? At a time when the mandate of many peace support operations includes halting violations of international humanitarian law by third parties, there is still a lack of clarity concerning accountability of peace support operations themselves. This book addresses that accountability, focusing on peace support operations under the command and control of the United Nations and the North Atlantic Treaty Organization. It is concerned with the accountability of international organizations as well as troops contributing and member states, but not of individuals.
Drawing on existing and emerging doctrines of international law, including the law of state responsibility, the law of responsibility of international organizations, international institutional law and international humanitarian law, and on the basis of state practice, this book makes a strong plea for improving mechanisms to implement the accountability of peace support operations under international humanitarian law.
The Paul Reuter Prize 2006 was awarded to Marten Zwanenburg for this book.

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Joachim Mueller

The UN celebrated its 70th anniversary in 2015. In the Volume Reforming the UN: A Chronology by Joachim Müller an exciting story is told describing the evolution of the UN through the main change initiatives applied by each Secretary-General, characterized by political confrontations, crises of confidence and organizational constraints. Initiatives included approving the Sustainable Development Goals, strengthening peacekeeping, enlarging the Security Council, establishing mechanisms to protect human rights, improving aid efficiency, and reforming management practices. This story is completed by a Chronology of Reform Events to enhance the transparency of parallel, multi-layer reform tracks. Lessons learned highlight the main drivers of changes, the interests and constraints, and the dynamics of the reform process: valuable insight for capitalizing on future change opportunities.

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Bardo Fassbender

The “constitutionalization” of international law is one of the most intensely debated issues in contemporary international legal doctrine. The term is used to describe a number of features which distinguish the present international legal order from “classical” international law, in particular its shift from bilateralism to community interest, and from an inter-state system to a global legal order committed to the well-being of the individual person. The author of this book belongs to the leading participants of the constitutionalization debate. He argues that there indeed exists a constitutional law of the international community that is built on and around the Charter of the United Nations. In this book, he explains why the Charter has a constitutional quality and what legal consequences arise from that characterization.

Edited by Andraž Zidar and Jean-Pierre Gauci

The Role of Legal Advisers in International Law sheds light on the position, activities and influence of legal advisers in the domain of international law. This is a novel and edifying perspective in that it surveys and appraises important undertakings of legal advisers in domestic and international legal forums and their role in the development, interpretation and application of international law.

Building upon their extensive knowledge and experience, contributors to the book analyse themes such as influence of various legal traditions (including the British) on the work of legal advisers, their position in the diplomatic decision-making process, the role of ethics in providing legal advice, and their contributions – in various forms – to the development and strengthening of the international legal system.

Please also see the following related titles:
- British Influences on International Law, 1915-2015
- British Contributions to International Law, 1915-2015