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Aurel Sari

authorisations to use armed force for the purposes of implementing Chapter VII would be practically meaningless if the authorised States and organisations were to remain subject to their contrary treaty obligations. Authorising resolutions adopted under Chapter VII are thus widely understood to have a permissive


Recent developments regarding UNPROFOR

Council and subject to close coordina- tion with the Secretary-General and UN- PROFOR, all necessary measures to extend close air support to the territory of the Republic of Croatia, in defence of UNPROFOR personnel in the performance of UNPROFOR's mandate, as recommended by the Secretary-General in


;'° · continual political and diplomatic dialogue keeps the moderate parties talking and separates out the extremist parties; · ROE allow tactical flexibility to sector commanders at the local level, where 'consent' may decay or is subject to change." Blue Helmets and Sub-contracted Forces The distinction

Henry G. Schermers and Niels M. Blokker

international organizations on individual technical subjects. Thus, it was possible to refer to the “specialized agencies of the CMEA”. 80 In the so-called comprehensive programme of 1971, the members of the CMEA stipulated that agreements and protocols would be concluded between the CMEA and these

Alexander Orakhelashvili

, financial, are relevant to peace operations, as examined in the UN study on this subject.5 The same issues can arise with regard to regional operations as well. A comprehensive examination of these aspects in one article is impossible and this contribution has the very specific purpose to examine the legal

safety. It also encouraged them to enter into an open and constructive dialogue with the international community on the subject of violations of human rights and international humanitarian law in Chechnya. In that connection it welcomed the preliminary agreement concluded between the Russian authorities

Lieutenant Commander Ursula Smith and Colonel Daniel J. Lecce

.S. citizens and residents who are foreign agents, as well as the targeting of foreign nationals. If a United States citizen or resident is the subject of a search, judicial authorization is required within 72 hours after surveillance begins through a warrant from the Foreign Intelligence Surveillance Court

Claire Breen

comply with the provisions of the treaties whereby States Parties undertake to respect and to ensure to all individuals within their territory and subject to their jurisdiction the rights recognised in that treaty. A State Party becomes obliged to uphold these rights as soon as the treaty enters into

T. D.

involved in the conflict. Fur- thermore, based on the LJN-mandate,'2 the peacekeepers are subject to the 'powers' of the UN and have been granted immunity. This immunity would be violated once the refugee camp would become a legitimate target of a military operation of either party to the conflict

paramilitary forces known as 'special police' or 'police anti-terrorist brigade'. SFOR confirmed that, under the terms of annex IA of the Dayton Agreement, such forces would be treated as military units, subject to SFOR control. In that connection, the UNIPTF established a target date of 3I August for