The four sovereign Indian Ocean states of Comoros, Madagascar, Mauritius and Seychelles, the two French overseas departments of Mayotte and Reunion, as well as the British colony of BIOT (Chagos), all form part of Africa. As insular nations and territories in an increasingly globalized, militarized and largely unregulated ocean, they face particular challenges. Commonly overlooked in the fields of African and international studies, this text traces the islands’ history and explores their diverse contemporary social, political and economic trajectories. From human settlement and slavery to conflict resolution and piracy, the relations with continental Africa and the African Union feature prominently. Richly sourced, this comprehensive and up-to-date introduction to Africa’s Indian Ocean islands covers a significant lacuna.
(Amendment) (No. 2) Act, 1960, which was intended as the permanent legislation to authorise, subject to the previous approval of Dail Eireann (Irish Parliament) in certain cir- cumstances, the dispatch of contin- gents of the Permanent Defence Force for service outside the state with inter- national forces
HIV/AIDS rate. Nonetheless, there is no uniﬁ ed policy on the issue for peacekeeping missions (partly because of ‘rules of engagement’ and the individuals’ status, i.e. military vs. civilian personnel), nor, seemingly, is there any means of redress for those subject to abuse. While this aspect is
Complementary Law no. 97 of June 9, 1999.
Taking into account the outlined legal framework and assuming that both the Constituent and Legislative Powers seek to reflect societal perspectives,
it is possible to affirm that the subject of civilian trials by the Federal Military Justice reflects
, under the authority of the Security Council and subject to close coor- dination with the Secretary-General and the United Nations Protection Force (UNPROFOR), all necessary measures, through the use of air power, in an around the safe areas in the Republic of Bosnia and Herzegovina referred to in
and constitu- tional institutions, the promotion of re- spect for human rights and the return of displaced persons as well as the holding of free and fair elections. Annex 11 provides, subject to a decision of the Security Council, for the establishment of an International Police Task Force (IPTF) and
are performed by members of the SDF are subject to the requirement of prior consent of the Diet, unless at the rele- vant time the Diet is closed or the House of Representatives has dis- solved. Under the latter circumstance, the vote must be taken without delay in the first Diet session subsequent to
pioneered and concretely established the idea of international organization as a way to conduct relations between sovereign states. The United Nations (UN) and the European Union (EU) both have three chapters devoted to them and the subject matter of these chapters is sensibly allotted. The three chapters
and challenges that face humanitarian intervenors without putting off young would-be humanitarians as a result. One of the most admirable qualities in this book is the evident commitment of the authors to their subject, and their honest endeavour to describe it 'warts and all' while continuing to hold
early lead and the Chinese engage in 'flanking manoeuvres intended to conceal their real objective' (p.87). The next four chapters subject the reader to much of the same by focusing one's attention on topics such as: negotiating tactics, roles of authority, problem-oriented approaches versus