disputing the validity and the scope of the doctrinal theories of uṣūl al-fiqh and maqāṣid al-sharīʿa while failing to realize the theories’ sole purpose: facilitating the production of functional positive laws ( al-furūʿ ). Taking the well-established jurisprudential doctrines of ijmāʿ (consensus

In: Arab Law Quarterly

* I am indebted to Gavin Picken for reading the first draft of this article and Yasmin Amin for her valuable remarks on the final draft. Introduction This paper focuses on developing arguments for a meta-ethical foundation of the theory of maqāṣid. I argue that maqāṣid al-sharīʿa , as

In: Journal of Islamic Ethics
Kitāb al-Maqāṣid al-saniyyah li-maʿrifat al-aǧsām al-maʿdiniyyah
Editor: Fabian Käs
Der kurze Traktat al-Maqāṣid al-saniyyah li-maʿrifat al-aǧsām al-maʿdiniyyah des berühmten ägyptischen Geschichtsschreibers al-Maqrīzī (gest. 845/1442) befasst sich mit der Klassifikation der Mineralien, ihren medizinischen Anwendungen sowie Theorien über ihre Entstehung. Käs legt hier erstmals eine kritische Textedition mit deutscher Übersetzung und ausführlichem Kommentar vor. Grundlage der Edition des arabischen Texts war in der Hauptsache ein Leidener Codex, der von al-Maqrīzī eigenhändig korrigiert und mit Glossen erweitert wurde. Ein Faksimile der Handschrift wird in diesem Band ebenfalls abgedruckt. Käs konnte nachweisen, dass der Traktat fast vollständig von den Enzyklopädien Ibn Faḍlallāh al-ʿUmarīs und al-Qazwīnīs abhängig ist. Die Inhalte der Mineralienkapitel dieser Werke lassen sich ihrerseits bis zu den frühen arabischen Naturphilosophen und ihren griechischen Vorläufern zurückverfolgen.

The short treatise entitled al-Maqāṣid al-saniyyah li-maʿrifat al-aǧsām al-maʿdiniyyah by the famous Egyptian historiographer al-Maqrīzī (d. 845/1442) deals with the classification of minerals, their medicinal uses and theories of their coming into being. Käs presents for the first time a critical edition of this text along with a German translation and a detailed commentary. The edition of the Arabic text is mainly based on the Leiden codex corrected and enlarged by al-Maqrīzī himself. A facsimile of this manuscript is also provided in this volume. Käs was able to prove that the treatise depends almost exclusively on the encyclopedias by Ibn Faḍlallāh al-ʿUmarī and al-Qazwīnī. The contents of their chapters on minerals can in turn be traced back to the early Arabic natural philosophers and their Greek precursors.
Using contemporary illustrations, Legal Maxims in Islamic Criminal Law delves into the theoretical and practical studies of al-Qawaid al-Fiqhiyyah in Islamic legal theory. It elucidates the importance of this concept in the application of Islamic law and demonstrates how the concept relates to the objectives of Islamic law ( maqāṣid al-Sharī‘ah), generally. Included in this examination are the following maxims: al-Umūr bi-Maqāṣidihā ("Matters shall be Judged by their Objectives"); al-Yaqīn lā Yazūl bi-sh-Shakk ("Certainty Cannot be Overruled by Doubt"); al-Mashaqqa Tajlib at-Taysīr ("Hardship begets Facility"); Lā Ḍarar wa-lā Ḍirār ("No Injury or Harm shall be Inflicted or Reciprocated"); and al-ʿĀda Muḥakkama ("Custom is Authoritative").

secular point of view. My approach to circumventing this hurdle was to look at the so-called Higher Intentions in Islamic law, the maqāṣid al-shari’ah . The maqāṣid , while ultimately based on religious primary sources, the Qur’an and the practice of the Prophet Muhammad, the so-called Sunna , have

In: European Journal of Comparative Law and Governance

foundation. This would otherwise spell the much-needed attention to maqasid as-shari’ah . This is now a concept that is lost to the winds. In the end, the discord between foreign thought and their effects in institutional practices out of divergent proclamations called fatawa , rather than adopting

In: Sociology of Islam

, without paying due attention to the cause of the text’s revelation, a situation that shaped the overall syntax of the texts, the goals of the Islamic šarīʿa ( Maqāsid al-šarīʿa ), in these particular texts and other ideas found in collections of texts on the same issues; all such concepts must be used

In: Al-Bayan: Journal of Qur'an and Hadith Studies

practice of ijtihād to qualified scholars; (2) endorsing taqlīd for those unqualified to investigate the sacred texts; and (3) identifying public interest ( maṣlaḥa ) in accordance with the five objectives ( maqāṣid ) of the Sharīʿa. Keywords Wahhābīs, Ḥanbalīs, fatwā s, ijtihād , taqlīd Correspondence

In: Islamic Law and Society

-194v (25 lines to a page). 28 A commentary ( ḥāshiya ) on the chapter on the imamate of Saʿd al-Dīn al-Taftāzānī’s (d. 792/1390) Sharḥ al-Maqāṣid . The work was dedicated to Abū l-Muẓaffar Shāh Sulaymān I (r. 1077/1666-1105/1694) (fig. 13) providing some indication as to when the commentary was

In: Shii Studies Review