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Reconstructing Hybridity

Post-Colonial Studies in Transition

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Edited by Joel Kuortti and Jopi Nyman

This interdisciplinary collection of critical articles seeks to reassess the concept of hybridity and its relevance to post-colonial theory and literature. The challenging articles written by internationally acclaimed scholars discuss the usefulness of the term in relation to such questions as citizenship, whiteness studies and transnational identity politics. In addition to developing theories of hybridity, the articles in this volume deal with the role of hybridity in a variety of literary and cultural phenomena in geographical settings ranging from the Pacific to native North America. The collection pays particular attention to questions of hybridity, migrancy and diaspora.

David A. Kaden

© Koninklijke Brill NV, Leiden, 2011 DOI: 10.1163/157006311X608138 Journal for the Study of Judaism 42 (2011) 481-507 brill.nl/jsj Journal for the Study of Judaism Flavius Josephus and the Gentes Devictae in Roman Imperial Discourse: Hybridity, Mimicry, and Irony in the Agrippa II Speech

Felicia Gottmann

“contact zones,” in the classic definition by Mary Louise Pratt. 15 The third historiography necessary to make sense of the multifaceted encounter between Cabo Verdeans and the Prussian personnel is thus the wide-ranging and well established scholarship on hybridity, transculturation, and contact zones. 16

Shane Trayers

Losing a child is a parent’s worst nightmare, second only perhaps to being unable to protect a child from harm. Recent apocalyptic films have combined these fears, as well as others, in the form of the contaminated, hybrid child. This analysis focuses on those children characters whose childhoods are hijacked by outside forces. The stolen child is fundamentally changed by aliens, technologically created viruses, or other processes. When returned, as they typically are, the child is only half-human and half other that we fear. The child’s enhanced abilities, sometimes strangely altered appearance, and the probability of more humans falling victim to the same metamorphosis give rise to audience abjection. This transformation seems indicative of a post-human era in that the child is representative of the end of the human race as we know it, but he or she is also a beginning. Through their hybridity, these children combat American xenophobia, simultaneously reassure parents that ‘special’ children are important, and show that it is only through progress and change that life on this planet can flourish. Although these depictions begin with the worst we can imagine, works like Falling Skies move past the horror by demonstrating the healing power of the hybrid child, and illustrate that the multicultural and multiracial nature of humanity is a strength in American society. Through a plot crisis, these children demonstrate their value and what the audience experiences is therapeutic. What we fear most saves us all. Despite being apocalyptic, these collected works show that it is possible for children who are different to unite the world, rather than destroy it. Although parents cannot protect their children from all types of harm, these works reassure us that all experiences, whether good or bad, are valuable in making us the best of humanity.

Steven Engler

Abstract: ‘Hybridity’ refers to a variety of kinds of cultural mixture that arise through encounters between distinct, previously existing phenomena. Hybridity is not new, though its scope and pace have increased with processes of globalization and diaspora. Hybridity is inherently ideological

Michael H. Smith

distracted attention from other equally, if not more, important components of the eu ’s external action. It may also have ignored some of the key characteristics of the eu system of diplomacy, which, in parallel to the broader field of ‘European foreign policy’, displays important elements of hybridity. 2

Steven Engler

© Koninklijke Brill NV, Leiden, 2009 DOI: 10.1163/002959709X12469430260084 Numen 56 (2009) 545–577 brill.nl/nu Umbanda and Hybridity Steven Engler Department of Humanities, Mount Royal College, Calgary, T3E 6K6, Canada sengler@mtroyal.ca Abstract Scholars of religion continue to talk of

Compounding Compound Creatures

The Catalogue of Hybrids in Tristia 4.7 and Empedocles

Peter Kelly

This paper will examine Ovid’s depiction of the catalogue of hybrids from Tristia 4.7. It will argue that this passage may be read as an allusion to Empedocles’ description of the compound creatures which existed at an early stage in the evolution of living beings (fr. 60 DK). It will attempt

Müller-Wille, Staffan

Hybrids, such as two species combined in a single being, have fueled the imagination since antiquity, and the combinations imagined were often fantastical. Aristotle, for instance, in his Historia animalium (8,28; “Animal History”), mentions crosses of dogs and tigers and associates these with the

Irish Quaker Hybrid Identities

Complex Identity in the Religious Society of Friends

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Maria Kennedy

Dr Kennedy’s work is a sociological study of Quakers that investigates the impact that sectarianism has had on identity construction within the Religious Society of Friends in Ireland. The research highlights individual Friends’ complex and hybrid cultural, national and theological identities – mirrored by the Society’s corporate identity. This monograph focuses specifically on examples of political and theological hybridity. These hybrid identities resulted in tensions which impact on relationships between Friends and the wider organisation. How Friends negotiate and accommodate these diverse identities is explored. It is argued that Irish Quakers prioritise ‘relational unity’ and have developed a distinctive approach to complex identity management. Kennedy asserts that in the two Irish states, ‘Quaker’ represents a meta-identity that is counter-cultural in its non-sectarianism, although this is more problematic within the organisation. Furthermore, by modelling an alternative, non-sectarian identity, Quakers in Ireland contribute to building capacity for transformation from oppositional, binary identities to more fluid and inclusive ones.