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Tali Berner

. The second consists of visual depictions of the Jews. The interpretation of both sources presents scholars with several methodological difficulties. Sumptuary laws, by highlighting the forbidden, provide little information about everyday clothing and those articles of clothing that were actually

Catherine M. Soussloff

symbolism inherent in material artefacts, including methodologies associated with these interpretations, such as iconography; and the history of genres—portraiture, landscape, still-life, the nude—which can determine interpretation apart from or in conjunction with other approaches to the work of art. As we

Karen B. Stern

their representation and only speculates about corresponding ranges of mortuary beliefs and activities. Methodological problems associated with the isolation, study, and interpretations of particular genres of images remain manifold. One such challenge includes the apparent contradiction between

Ido Noy

Denkmalpflege und Archäologie, 2010), 324–334; Maika Lämmerhirt, “Zur Geschichte der Juden in mittelalterlichen Erfurt,” in ibid., 334–347. See also Stürzebecher, “Der Schatzfund,” 151–155. 6 On the methodological problem involved in the identification of these treasures as Jewish, see Michael Toch, “Medieval

Jonathan Bordo

the book closed and returned to shelves. So much of Benjamin’s critical and theoretical writing is topographical and site-centred. 13 For Benjamin, the authenticity of a work of art has everything to do with its attachment to a locality. In other words, place is a methodological and ontological


Juan Carlos Ossandón Widow

Before describing the methodology, a caveat is in order. The following paragraphs will present the method as a linear process: formulation of the questions, selection of sources, literary analysis, and proposed explanation. In practice, however, the various stages overlap and influence one another

Galit Hasan-Rokem

David symbol, the author summarizes his findings regretting that Scholem did not develop the methodological potentials imbued in this essay and instead preferred to focus only on theological and philosophical dimensions of Jewish mysticism. 20 Fig. 3. Gershom Scholem’s handwritten note and sketch

Illuminating in Micrography

The Catalan Micrography Mahzor−MS Heb 8°6527 in the National Library of Israel


Dalia-Ruth Halperin

In Illuminating in Micrography, Dalia-Ruth Halperin analyzes the Catalan Micrography Maḥzor, a fourteenth-century Barcelonan manuscript in Israel’s National Library. Decorated with micrography, the Jewish scribal art typical of Bible manuscripts, this maḥzor, which includes a rich full-page panel micrography cycle, is unique.
Along with the codicological and paleographical analysis, essential for understanding the scribe’s thought and working processes, the author’s meticulous reading of the micrography text reveals the scribe’s textual editing and manipulations. Decoding his writing flow and sequences revealed a close association between the penned text and the images formed, which reflect a Jewish theosophical-theurgical cycle. Evidence of the scribe’s association with the renowned Bassa atelier enhances our knowledge of the cultural, economic, and ethnic realities of the time.

The Book of Conviviality in Exile (Kitāb al-īnās bi-ʾl-jalwa)

The Judaeo-Arabic Translation and Commentary of Saadia Gaon on the Book of Esther


Michael G. Wechsler

This volume presents a critical edition of the Judaeo-Arabic translation and commentary on the book of Esther by Saadia Gaon (882–942). This edition, accompanied by an introduction and extensively annotated English translation, affords access to the first-known personalized, rationalistic Jewish commentary on this biblical book. Saadia innovatively organizes the biblical narrative—and his commentary thereon—according to seven “guidelines” that provide a practical blueprint by which Israel can live as an abased people under Gentile dominion. Saadia’s prodigious acumen and sense of communal solicitude find vivid expression throughout his commentary in his carefully-defined structural and linguistic analyses, his elucidative references to a broad range of contemporary socio-religious and vocational realia, his anti-Karaite polemics, and his attention to various issues, both psychological and practical, attending Jewish-Gentile conviviality in a 10th-century Islamicate milieu.

Richard Teverson

primarily for dramatic effect, rather than as a chronological advance through Herod’s reign. Detailed curatorial, scholarly, and conservation efforts underpinned these methodological choices, yielding extremely impressive results. For example, the exhibition’s second room presented a near